Archive for category Holidays
I think, as a young child, the eve of anticipation was far more exciting than Christmas Day itself and, apart from a few hours sleep to give Santa the window (or chimney) of opportunity, was effectively an all-nighter with a 6:00pm start watching the sky and a 6:00am opening of Santa’s gifts. But then the day itself tended to disintegrate into the grown-ups routines of church and a family meal until exhaustion kicks in from the all-nighter. In fact, for me, the best thing about Christmas really was that it launched our summer holiday break from school and I had a new cricket bat, swimming goggles, softball glove or tennis racquet to enjoy it all.
It is, of course, mid-winter in the Northern hemisphere, so no great summer holidays to follow the 6:00am opening time for them. But nonetheless Christmas Day continues to be a huge celebration all around the globe. It is the big one. Billions of people stop work to celebrate Christmas Day, 25th December. So how did it come to this?
Well, in a nutshell, we have Christmas Day because the Romans executed a Jewish preacher named Yahshua who was given, by his Jewish followers, the title of Messiah, meaning ‘the anointed one’ or ‘liberator’. Other followers, educated in Greek, called him Iesous and used the Greek title of Christos, also meaning the anointed one. The name has subsequently been Romanised and/or Anglicised to Jesus. A liberator was believed, certainly by the Romans, to be intent on liberating the Jews from the rule of Rome; a crime of sedition for which punishment was death. The Romans continued persecuting this Christian religious sect, which had spread well beyond Israel, until 313AD. At this time the Roman Emperor Constantine apparently decided that if he couldn’t exterminate the cult, he would simply create an organisational structure to control it for his own purposes. The official Roman Catholic version is that Constantine thought he saw a cross in the sky before a battle with his brother over supremacy in the Roman Empire. Because his conscripted soldiers then managed to slaughter most of the poor sods in his brother’s conscripted army, Constantine decided that the vision of the cross in the sky was a signal from Jesus, the preacher of love and peace, who had done him a solid in helping win the battle and so he would stop persecuting Christians as his part of the deal. (It did not persuade him to give up his paganism, however).
But, in effect, Constantine made the Christian bishops an offer they could not refuse. His patronage. That meant legitimacy, an end to persecution, an authority over the peasants in their parish that was backed up by the empire of Rome, and an income from those peasants that could only increase as the emperor’s endorsement expanded their customer base. The bishops would become franchise holders of this religious organisation. And so it was agreed by all that Yahshua died, not for the crime of sedition against the Roman occupiers of Israel and their Rabbi puppets, but rather in atonement for the sins of all mankind. It became almost as if the Romans had been given no choice but to crucify Yahshua because this death was ordained by God, who decided to sacrifice his son in atonement for the sins of all humans. It wouldn’t be the first time history was rewritten. It was a win/win. The Christian church expanded with the support of Rome and the bishops made sure all those under their pastoral care were loyal to Rome.
The common people obviously bought into this concept (literally bought in), believing that it was a choice of paying up to the parish priest or facing eternity in the fires of hell (or possibly the swords of the soldiers of Rome). These were a simple people facing simple choices and so the Church flourished. Then in 325AD Constantine convened the first formal convention of all the bishops of this Christian Church of Rome at a place called Nicaea, which was in modern Turkey. Everyone loves a convention, especially in Turkey. Nicaea was no humble collection of cave dwelling in the wilderness; it was an historical and prosperous city right on beautiful Lake Ascania. Perfect. This convention was called to establish the doctrine of Christianity to which all Christians would be bound under pain of consignment to hellfire for all eternity. One of the items on the agenda was to give Jesus of Nazareth a birthday to celebrate. Everyone loves a birthday party.
Whether by coincidence or by edict the day chosen for Jesus’ birthday was an existing pagan festival of Natalis Solis Invicti. With 21st/22nd December being the longest night of the winter, it was believed to be the “death of the sun” which then rose again three days later as ‘the day of the birth of the invincible sun, the true light’ with the days getting lighter each day until mid summer (June).
Constantine was a pagan and so understood the significance. Mithraism was the dominant pagan religious cult in the Roman military at this time. According to the Roman historian Plutarch, Mithraism became part of Roman religious belief during the military campaign of Pompey around 70BC. Worship of the deity Mithra (Mitra) goes back 3500 years in the Indian Verdic religion. The worship of Mithra travelled up through Persia and, following the conquests of Alexander the Great, Mithra became the primary god in Asia Minor. Mithra was referred to as the Sun-God or the Sun of God and his ‘birthday’ was commemorated on the 25th December the day the sun fought back against the winter. His myth also reportedly includes having been born in a cave, statues of him are shown as emerging from a rock, to a virgin goddess named Anahita. As the Sun-God, Mithra was said to have had twelve satellites (read apostles) and was believed by the Indians to be the mediator between God and Man. From this some scholars conclude that Constantine simply overlaid his Mithraic beliefs onto the Christian religion that he had usurped. Constantine remained a pagan throughout his life.
So Jesus’ birthday was then agreed at the Council of Nicaea to be December 25th in year zero (by our modern Gregorian, or Christian, calendar), even though it would seem unlikely that shepherds would be tending their flock at night in the hills during the snowy depths of mid-winter. It was a political decision of the ruling military power of most of the world at the time and the effective ruler of Christianity but it has been retained by Christianity long after the fall of the Roman Empire.
So, in summary, a relatively small, persecuted, poverty-stricken cult of thousands was taken over by Rome Inc. and today has a global client base of around 2 billion people paying off an advance mortgage on an after-life plot in heaven. It is now a modern, complex corporation worth untold billions of tax-exempt dollars. Was this the greatest corporate takeover of all time? And it is not as if the people can make a claim under the Consumer Protection Act after they are dead.
But at its essence, the celebration of Christmas is the official recognition that just over 2,000 years ago, three magi (star watchers) travelled from somewhere in Persia, modern Iraq, to Israel because they had noticed a very bright body travelling across the sky and, from their ancient knowledge, they concluded that this ‘star’ meant the coming of the anointed one. The son of God. They followed this light until it shone a beam down to a stable in Bethlehem where they witnessed the birth of Yahshua.
Now if anyone today told of a mysterious bright light in the sky leading them to a remote place to witness the birth of a child of a woman who had been approached by unearthly beings and artificially impregnated, they would be ridiculed as ‘alien conspiracy loonies’. But, thanks to the endorsement of the Roman Emperor Constantine, this story has been given the credibility to be accepted as the basis of the religion of Christianity. Lest I appear cynical, I am an alien conspiracy loony myself. Apart from the bright light over Bethlehem still being a focus in the religious context, Santa flying around the world on a warp-speed sky-craft remains the key focus in the commercial myth.
For the first 1700 years, Christmas was solely a religious event involving devout worship, wholesome family gathering and alms to the poor. Any money to be made was in tithes to the local parish priest which passed up the line until the head man in Rome eventually wet his beak. The priest would expect a bonus from his clients for a special Christmas performance, but the despised merchant class was largely left out of the action.
Then, thanks to Coca Cola and the D’Arcy advertising agency, Saint Nicholas, a revered Christian patron saint of children and one of the bishops at Nicaea was rebranded as
fat, jolly Santa Claus and the commercial Christmas era arrived in full force. Charles Dickens had tried to start instilling a bit of guilt and goodwill in the hearts of the rich at Christmas time, but it was Coke that gave really gave Christmas the nostalgic magic of fantasy that overtook the religious festival and saw the true commercial potential of using Santa to endorse their products and the rest of the commercial world climbed aboard the sleigh. Selling the idealism of a beneficial father figure living in the North Pole with his elves, bringing gifts to all the good little children that are loved by their parents, runs parallel to the birth of Jesus celebration. Just as Constantine had blended an established pagan celebration with the birth of Jesus, so too Coca Cola blended the Christian celebration with a commercial Santa Claus celebration. It did not take long before the target market was extended to all people we ‘love and care for’. Even extended families, which are progressively becoming more complex, are socially coerced into getting together for this day. That of course just exponentially increases the number of gifts that must be purchased. It became a gift-giving event that threatened social shame upon those miserly Scrooges who did not support it. Brilliant! Was this one of the most effective ad campaigns of all time? How many businesses today owe their existence and profits to that creation of Santa Claus? Including family lawyers with post-Christmas now one of their busiest times of the year as the victims of this season of peace and goodwill turn up at their offices post-Christmas, as predictably as whitebait in October.
But, if the social & commercial pressures of Christmas are not enough to send you over the edge this year, as coincidence will have it, 25 December 2015 is also a full moon. So my Christmas wish to all three of my regular readers is: “y’all be real careful out there now, y’hear?”
Did anyone else feel a bit lost and confused about the Mondayisation of Anzac day? We have just had our long Easter break, got the autumn jobs done around the house and now we have another long weekend right behind it. Well why not? if its paid, why not indeed? Except, for many people, the workplace is not just a place of arduous toil, it is very much part of our social connection, our comfortable routine. So taking another random, unmemorable, wintry holiday probably means just another day of dragging the family through the mall to fill in a couple of hours or watching some dvd while waiting to get back to their routine.
But this time it did not just a little bit holidayed out, this one also has a bit of a weird feel. We commemorated Anzac Day on Anzac Day. So what is this Mondayisation all about? Just keep the Anzac theme going for another day?
This Mondayisation was the brainchild of David Clarke and Grant Robertson of the Labour Party. The Labour Party no doubt presumed that they would be heroes of the smoko room for delivering another holiday. “Hurrah for another holiday.” But the thrashing they got at the last election showed that ‘just another holiday’ was no vote winner.
At the time of the passing of the law 61:60, Labour Party Deputy leader Grant Robertson mouthed the rhetoric. He said it was a triumph for Labour. It was about giving Kiwi workers a fair go. But no-one is buying that, not even in the smoko room. Despite the rhetoric, Mondayisation makes no sense; it has no base in logic. If you are free to celebrate Anzac day on the day and yet still transfer the paid day off work, then it is undeniable that it is all about a day off work. Mondayisation means that the sacrifice of our soldiers over the decades is no more than an excuse to get another day off work on full pay. To get another one over on ‘the man.’
But despite the patronising attitude of David Clarke and Grant Robertson, the average worker in the average lunchroom does understand the economics that holidays cost, and eventually, workers pay. In some jobs the workload just does not go away and the employee has to work harder and faster to catch-up. In some there is a quantifiable loss of productivity. In all situations there is an increased cost; our tax-paid hospitals and schools will incur significantly extra costs that will come back to us the tax-payers. But we know that whether it is the employer or the taxman, one way or another, sooner or later, the extra wage costs or loss of productivity costs will be felt in the nett wage packets of the employees. This we know. This knowledge will have been expressed in many lunchrooms around the country on Tuesday 28th April.
So you have to ask the basic question, has the Labour Party lost the smoko room? Prior to 2013, Anzac day was one of our uncompromised commemorative days. Anzac Day was sacrosanct. It remembered Kiwis who had made the sacrifices, above and beyond the call of national interest, to help bring stability to our world.
If Labour had asked those Kiwis who take Anzac day seriously, and that number grows each year, they would have heard to a man, woman or child, that this is a ultimately day of respect. If it was a paid holiday or if they had to take a day’s leave or an unpaid day to commemorate, this is about respect and they would be proud to make their own sacrifice on this day to honour our soldiers; our relatives. And although proud Kiwis would celebrate the day whether or not it was a paid holiday, employers have never begrudged that Anzac day is a paid holiday. But it makes no logical sense to say that if Anzac Day falls on a weekend when many would normally have had the day free anyway to celebrate, they can then celebrate it twice, on the actual day and again on the Monday.
Anzac Day is the 25th April. Not the 26th, not the 27th; it is the 25th! End of story.
Labour’s Mondayisation Bill undermines the nobility of Anzac Day. If Labour want to do some good for the working man or woman in NZ, let them take up the tougher battle; let them meet the challenge of gaining higher wages based on sustainable productivity and lower taxes. But maybe that is just too tough a challenge for the Labour theorists of Clarke and Robertson; men who have never had grease under their fingernails.
And so for what was little more than a political stunt, Labour have cheapened NZ’s most precious commemoration day. Unforgivable.