Archive for category Immortality

Tick tock…..

What is time? is sounds a simple question but is one that has been intruding into my sleep time, so I posed it to Dan and Isamu over morning coffee. ‘What is time?’ I asked. ‘Its a noun’ said Dan. Then mumbled something off the cuff about organising things with it. End of conversation. Dan is a retired school teacher, but clearly off his game. The coffee had not yet arrived.

If Dan was on his game he would probably have said that, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, time is “the indefinite continued progress of existence and events in the past present and future regarded as a whole.” He would then have presented a slide show with his laser-light pointer to demonstrate his definition, thus:

The Vacheron Constantin model 57260 pocket watch, named the “Tivoli”,  was built by three watchmakers over eight years for one client and is a complex and sophisticated monitor of the procession of time.

The front of this watch is the side with the gold Roman numerals up top. There’s an astronomical calendar, which includes a display of the phases and age of the moon, a hand that tracks the movement through the Zodiac along with the equinoxes and solstices, a rotating sky chart, hands showing both hours and minutes for sidereal time for telling the difference between sidereal and solar time. Sidereal time tracks the earth in relation to the stars instead of in relation to the sun and differs from solar time by plus or minus a few minutes. You can also see what time the sun will rise and what time it will set in the watch owner’s home city as well as how long the day and night will each be on that day. There are three full calendar systems in this watch. The first is a Gregorian perpetual calendar that includes displays for the date with a retrograde hand, day of the week, month and year in the leap year cycle. There are also indicators for the number of the day of the week and number of the week in the year in accordance with the ISO 8601 standard calendar. The second calendar is a Hebrew perpetual calendar. This shows the Hebrew name of the day, Hebrew name of the month, Hebrew date, Hebrew secular calendar, Hebrew year, whether the year has 12 or 13 months, where in the 19-year lunar cycle that year is, and the date of Jewish holy day Yom Kippur, which moves around the calendar. It has a Double retrograde split-seconds chronograph and…. it also tells the time. The hours and minutes are shown with regulator-style hands, meaning the hours and minutes are on separate axes. The small gold hands show a second time zone.

This is how time is measured in a practical day-to-day way. But it does not explain the mind’s perception of time; of how, when Dan is supervising an examination room, time for him drags at a snail’s pace whereas time for the students, with so much to do, races like a mouse (a house mouse’s actual top speed is 13kmh while it ‘feels like’ 260kmh. another time-distorting example). This pocket-watch device is simply the measure of our observation of the motion of our planet in relation to the observable environment in which we exist, but is that all there is to time?

I needed more. If Dan had been a retired Physics teacher he might have said that, according to Minkowski, who was Einstein’s Professor, time is the 4th dimension of Space-Time, additional to the three spatial dimensions of length, breadth and depth. This formed a basis for Einstein’s theory of relativity. While the watch is a time-based micro management tool, Minkowski and Einstein were trying to understand macro time in a past, present and future sense. But what does this 4th dimension mean? The three dimensions of space are easy enough to understand because we can see them, but  no-one seems to quite understand how time works as a 4th dimension.

We do know that we process information about our universe in a delayed sense according to the speed of light. The furthest star in the Southern Cross group is 364 light years away. So when looking at the Southern Cross tonight the furthest star is, to our eye, as it was when Oliver Cromwell ruled England and the closest star in that constellation is 88 light years away, showing us what that star was like when Franklin D Roosevelt was President of the USA. This is simply the nature of the universe, the further something is from us, the slower the delivery of awareness of that something. Therefore the further out from earth we look the further back in time we see.

So we have a mechanical device that monitors time as observed by the rotation of earth relative to the stars; a theoretical, invisible  ‘fourth dimension’ formula that Minkowski and Einstein understand, but which is incomprehensible to the vast majority of humans; and we also know that light, or the speed of it, seems to have a real effect on ‘time’ in a cosmological environment. So is time the effect of the motion of our planet on our lives, a fourth dimension of nature or is it simply the product of the motion of light particles? Or does time perhaps really only exist in our minds?

This brings us to observe a tiny gland buried in our brain, right between our right and left hemisphere. It is illustrated here in green. We call it the pineal gland, because it looks like a pine cone, even though it is only the size of a pea. In fact the Sumerians referred to the pine cone shaped gland in clay tablets thousands of years old, which is extraordinary medical knowledge to have had so long ago. The ‘sacred’ nature of this gland was also known thousands of years before modern science now tells us that this gland produces melatonin, a serotonin-derived hormone which modulates sleep patterns in both circadian and seasonal cycles. Melatonin is a structurally simple hormone that communicates information about environmental lighting to various parts of the body. Ultimately, melatonin has the ability to control biological rhythms. The light-transducing ability of the pineal gland has led some to call the pineal the ‘third eye’. The pineal gland is also capable of making a compound called Dimethyltryptamine (DMT). DMT is a powerful psychedelic chemical released during extraordinary states such as time of birth and the time of death. DMT is also the chemical that induces our dreams of life in a timeless state.

The pine cone symbol has appeared in religious and spiritual images for thousands of years. Depictions of Hindu deities are interwoven with both literal and symbolic representations of serpents and pinecones. The Egyptian Staff of Osiris, dating back to approximately 1224 BC, depicts two intertwining serpents rising up to meet at a pine cone. A statue of the Mexican god “Chicomecoatl” (“Seven Snakes”) depicts the deity offering forth pinecones in one hand, and an evergreen tree in the other. Those who have visited the Vatican may recall the large pine cone sculpture that is displayed and which was built by the Romans, in pagan times, as a fountain alongside the temple of Isis. The pine cone symbolism is common throughout Greek and Roman art in reference to religion and it is hypothesised that the pine cone is the “fruit from the tree of life” referred to in Genesis. With all the references to serpents, it should be noted that, even today, the serpent remain the emblem of the medical profession.

So how did I get from a multi-million dollar customised pocket watch to a pea-sized pine cone? I was wondering that myself. Are we still talking about time? Yes we are, well about time and the absence of it. I am now wondering if time is the mechanism that our brain uses to process data. Our brain needs to organise events in a sequential list just to comprehend them and manage our lives.

Those yogis who achieve a very deep meditation state through the awakening of the ‘third eye’ put themselves into a state of timelessness, as do those under the influence of the psychedelic chemical DMT. Those who have returned from a near death experience, Anita Moorjani and Dr Mary Neale being two of the more famous living examples, also experience this timeless awareness. The pineal is the first gland to be created in the body, one month after conception, and is the last functioning part of the body at death with a great psychedelic shot of DMT to take us into the next dimension of body-less timelessness.

And in that timeless sense of time we are describing what the Greeks referred to as “Kairos” as distinct from “Kronos.” Kronos is a god associated with sequential time and is represented by the scythe-yielding, cloaked and hooded old man, Father Time, leading us all to the grave. His Roman name was Saturn and the sixth planet from the sun was named for him. From ‘Kronos’ comes the word ‘chronological’. Kairos refers to time being a “timeless moment’. In Greek mythology Kairos is a young heroic god, youngest son of Zeus and the spirit of opportunity. But it was said you needed to seize Kairos from the front as he approached because, once he has passed, not even Zeus can seize him. Often this moment of opportunity is represented in movies, when the hero is suddenly aware of the heroine for the first time, by voiceless sounds, slow motion action and surreal lighting. In the book of Ecclesiastes phrase “to every thing there is a time”, time is translated in the first Greek Bible as Kairos. In Wm Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar, the quote “There is a time in the affairs of men” also refers to Kairos.

So, with all due respect to Minkowski, whose language of formulae I just don’t understand, and to the skilled watchmakers who for eight years crafted the Vacheron Constantin model 57260 pocket-watch, let me suggest that time is created by a pea-sized, pine cone shaped gland that controls the transfer of infinite and timeless events entering our brain for chronological processing and response. That the pineal gland is simply aware of everything in our personal universe in a timeless sense and it transfers this awareness in sequential bytes of electrical impulses to the brain at a speed that allows the brain to process and instruct muscles to react. And that electrical sequential transfer is called ‘time’. So perhaps the pineal gland is just our brain-computer’s wi-fi device connecting us to the universe.

Goodness is that the time? Doesn’t it just fly by when you are immersed in writing? I must get off to bed; my melatonin levels are signalling that I need eight hours of timeless downtime from this game of life. I need to sleep…..to sleep perchance to dream. (credit: Hamlet, an avatar of Wm. Shakespeare).

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Who wants to live forever?

So asked Freddie Mercury. So also concerned God when he banished our forebears from the Garden of Eden. As the good book says in Genesis 3:, ‘Then the LORD God said, “Behold, the man has become like one of Us, knowing good and evil; and now, he might stretch out his hand, and take also from the tree of life, and eat, and live forever ” therefore the LORD God sent him out from the garden of Eden, to cultivate the ground from which he was taken.

So it eventually became established in our culture that our human life on earth was limited to three score and a few more. This is the way of things on earth. Unimaginable that it would be any other way.

Yes if you subscribe to the Jewish/Christian faith or the Muslim faith from the same region then you believe that the soul is eternal and, for the faithful, the body and soul will be reunited in heaven. If you subscribe to the Indian Hindu faith then you believe in reincarnation of the soul into various life forms on earth until you reach nirvana and escape the physical world to be a perfect, eternal soul.

But from the sci-fi days of the mid 20th century, humans began to dream that anything would be possible by the 21st century. Doors that magically open by themselves as you approach (tick); space-craft (tick); pills to replace food (potentially a tick) and the ultimate, the ability to rejuvenate our human body in perpetuity. Drink from the fountain of youth. At the first sign of erectile dysfunction or bum and boob sag, off you go to a clinic to be hooked up to electrodes and just dial back the years.

So what a surprise then, back in the 1990’s when scientists discovered a humble life species on earth that can actually live forever. Or at least biologically can live forever as long as it’s not eaten by a predator. It is a

Turritopsis-nutricula; photo credit : Peter Schuchert

Turritopsis-nutricula; photo credit : P. Schucher

5cm long jellyfish,  the Turritopsis- nutrucula. It was first discovered in 1883 in the warm sea of the Mediterranean and also found living happily and potentially eternally in the Caribbean. But back in the mid 1990’s scientists studied this little marine creature and actually discovered it’s power of immortality. When immortal jellyfish become sexually mature, the male releases his sperms into a column of water. The sperm come in contact with eggs that are present in the stomach of the female jellyfish. During the embryonic stage of the jellyfish lifecycle they are either settled onto the mouth or the oral arms of the female. After they have passed this stage, they transform into free swimming planulae and separate themselves from the body of their mother. They float along the surface of the water for a few days and then settle on a hard, stationary object like the surface of a rock.

At this stage, they become transformed into polyps. These polyps continue to feed on microscopic plankton and the polyp then begins to grow multiple identical polyps until it becomes a colony. All the polyps are connected with minute feeding tubes and they receive equal nourishment from their microscopic diet. The colony of polyp can remain in this stage for years at a time. When the condition is right, this colony of polyp begins to grow horizontal grooves. The groove at the top is the fastest to mature, and will soon free itself and become a free swimming jelly fish.

This process of reproduction is common to most species of jellyfish. But what is unique about the immortal jellyfish is that after reproducing sexually, they are able to return to their polyp stage. The “original study of the species, published in 1996, records that if a sexually mature Turritopsis is injured, starving or under some other natural threat, it attaches itself to a nice warm surface and converts into a blob. From that blob state its cells undergo ‘transdifferentiation’, that is its cells simply transfer to become different types of cells. Back to polyp stage. Immortality is possible in our natural world on earth.

It raises a big question, if they are immortal then why are the oceans not absolutely clogged up with these creatures? Well, that’s when you have to read the fine print. Only the sexually mature jellyfish can revert back to polyp stage, and most of the deaths of these little creatures occur at the immature polyp stage of their lives usually as a mid morning snack for a sea slug. 

I can see I have lost you now as you calculate the pointlessness of finding the secret to eternal youth if in fact you are highly likely to die or be eaten by a sea slug during the born again process. But stay with me because you are missing the point.

Still here? Good, then I will explain the point. All life is fundamentally just bunches of cells getting together. Humans are nothing but something like an average of a trillion cells for every kilogram of weight (not counting bacterial cells of course which are ten times that number). Little 5cm jellyfish would be lucky to have a billion cells. Quite a tiny sample really, but the point is, if a billion cells can sort out a reversal back through the life cycle, then surely it is simple multiplication of the same principle to get 70 or 80 trillion cells to do the same thing. Cells are cells, life is life. Nature already has the secret to eternal life, so all we need is a civilised system to protect ourselves during the rebirth process and we effectively are as immortal as God and his angels. Just as Yahweh feared might happen back in the Garden.

Have I jumped a few trillion steps too far? Well explain the Anita Moorjani story to me. She was riddled with the deadly Hodgkin’s lymphatic cancer, had been for four years with tumours right through her torso. Finally, with all her organs going into total shutdown, she fell into a coma from which the medical staff telling the family she could not possibly recover. She would certainly die that night. But she survived the night and recovered rapidly; when they could first do a biopsy there was absolutely no sign of any cancer. The cells right through her upper body had reversed the process, reset her system and eight years later she is touring the world as a guest speaker at all sorts of events. The doctors simply could not explain it so had to just admit that and move on with their chemotherapy-based careers.

Again one case in the tens of millions of cases over the last ten years, but if it can happen once then there is a case study to confirm the possibility of cellular self healing. And if they can self-heal, why not revert us back to our youth. No doubt the scientists who study cellular behaviour are studying the immortal jellyfish.

But what if they succeed in working out how to encourage our cells to revert backwards to newborn status? Sounds good? But on second thought, there ain’t enough room on this planet for all of us. With this global population doubling over the last 50 years from 4 to 8 billion, we are already too many and are exhausting earth’s resources, fouling its waters and polluting it’s atmosphere. Introduce immortality and there will be 20 billion of us here for the next Rugby World Cup. And about forty percent of you will be looking after the other 60% percent of we juveniles. Is that really going to work?

Maybe now we understand why God threw us out of the garden of Eden. You want immortality???? you can’t handle immortality!!!!

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