We come in peace

Photo credit space.com

I was watching a documentary called “The Mojave incident” re-telling a 1989 incident in the Mojave Desert when a large number of stars in the sky suddenly turned out to be flying craft and a couple who were camping out in a van, Steve and Dawn Hess, were allegedly held captive by alien beings. This included being interrogated telepathically. They returned to awake in their van in the desert in the morning, thoroughly traumatised.

In Biblical times the Hess’ would have been called holy prophets and their experiences preserved in books that would be treasured for millennia and form part of the religious culture of their tribe. The Old Testament of the Bible has numerous such accounts of connection with non-earthly beings. But today people like the Hess’ are mocked as deluded/ drug induced/ psychotic; take your pick or mix and match. The Hess’ knew that; they may have been mockers themselves if the tables were turned. That is why they had so much reluctance to tell the story. They also feared for the backlash from peers not only on themselves but, more importantly, on their children, and that kept them quiet. They appear to have been genuinely traumatised by the incident and as part of their ‘coming out’ have been through hypnotic regression sessions which have only confirmed that they truly believe what they say happened. While their real names were used in the original report on the incident in 1994, in the 2015 reprint of the incident they requested the alias of “Gifford” be used.

I won’t go into detail of their encounter with small creatures who held them captive, an angelic creature who reassured them telepathically and others who interrogated them in the mother ship; if you are interested in that detail you should read the book, The Mojave Incident by Ron Felber. Whether this abduction evidence has any substance to it I could not comment. But even the cynics amongst us must have been getting nervous about the increasing number of trained, sane, and sober professionals around the world, particularly pilots, who have witnessed flying machines that defy all their knowledge of human built craft. Then the 2021 release of formerly top secret documents by the US government dispelled any doubt. They are out there, in our skies.

Exploring the phenomena of UFO sightings, we note that they are usually associated with the mid to late 20th century and early 21st century; the phrase ‘flying saucer’ was coined in 1947 following a publicised sighting of such an unidentified vehicle by a Kenneth Arnold. The experiences of ‘lost time’ and even physical evidence are the most common examples of abduction stories. They were largely dismissed as the figments of over-active imaginations stimulated by the sci-fi comics that also became common in that era.

But over the past 50 or 60 years more and more such reports have come from more credible sources including pilots, policemen and military personnel. So much attention has been given to these reports because large numbers of sightings were reported at a time when media were developing into global rather than local communicators particularly with the emergence of the internet to feed the fire.

The sudden and extraordinary explosion of our own technological achievement in the second half of the 20th century in itself of course has been suggested to support the theory of the intervention of an advanced species in our human development. Technology jumping from radio and morse code to television, computers and the internet occurred within 50 years. This was an overnight leap relative to our 200,000-year history of quietly evolved development from nomadic wandering to domesticated agriculture; from pottery to paper, from the bronze age to the iron age; from caves to the city-dwelling civilisations of the Egyptians, Babylonians and Greeks.

But equally interesting is that reports of flying objects also occur back over hundreds of years when humans had no sci-fi comics and did not even have man-made flying craft to stimulate their imaginations. And before the age of cameras. One of the first written accounts of a UFO sighting is the following excerpt from an Egyptian papyrus – part of the annals of Thutmose III, who reigned around 1504-1450 bce: “In the year 22, of the 3rd month of winter, sixth hour of the day… the scribes of the House of Life found it was a circle of fire that was coming in the sky…. It had no head, the breath of its mouth had a foul odor. Its body one rod long and one rod wide. It had no voice. Their hearts became confused through it; Now after some days had passed, these things became more numerous in the sky than ever. They shone more in the sky than the brightness of the sun, and extended to the limits of the four supports of the heavens…. Powerful was the position of the fire circles. The army of the Pharaoh looked on with him in their midst. It was after supper. Thereupon, these fire circles ascended higher in the sky towards the south… The Pharaoh caused incense to be brought to make peace on the hearth… And what happened was ordered by the Pharaoh to be written in the annals of the House of Life… so that it be remembered for ever.”

Some UFO encounters have been found recorded in medieval artworks and in historical records.

 “At sunrise on the 14th April 1561, the citizens of Nuremberg beheld ‘A very frightful spectacle.’ The sky appeared to fill with cylindrical objects from which red, black, orange and blue-white disks and globes emerged. Crosses and tubes resembling cannon barrels also appeared whereupon the objects promptly “began to fight one another.”

In France in 1338 there was a reported sighting of a huge spherical craft in the sky. An image of the event is present in the French book “Le Livre Des Bonnes Moeurs” by Jacques Legrand. Lychostene Conrad, in his book “Prodigiorum ac Ostentorum Chronicle”, printed in Basel in the year 1557, he describes sightings of strange objects flying in the skies in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.  

Reported sightings at a medieval castle in Ciudad Rodrigo (credit: Miguel A. Monjas/Wikimedia Commons) “I shall not tire your lordship with this narration, since we had just arrived [to Ciudad Rodrigo] when, walking on Wednesday the 5th of this month of January [1433], we suddenly saw a great flame of yellow fire attached to the sky move from one end to the other; it had inside like a black root and all its borders were more whitish than the middle; and it left with a great roar, causing horses and mules to run in fear, and my own mule didn’t stop until it touched another mule. Great disputes about this arose between the learned ones and those with no degrees who, without having seen the words of Aristotle, talked about how this light was up there, and how its interior could be lit like a log. The dean of Burgos stated he believes it must be the matter from the first region [in the sky], viscous and condensed, lit by the Sun, and how its weight prevented its quick dispersal, and the nature of fire brought it from here to there while its viscous part was spent, and the roar was its end. I concur with his opinion, because it could not have been what Aristotle calls the nature of comets… because it would have not moved in such varied manner, nor any other, and it would have not ended with that roar.”

A number of ufo sightings were recorded in Japan in the early first millennia. A term equivalent to our “flying saucer” was actually used by the Japanese approximately 700 years before it came into use in the West. Ancient documents describe an unusual shining object seen the night of October 27, 1180, as a flying “earthenware vessel.” After a while the object, which had been heading northeast from a mountain in Kii province, changed its direction and vanished below the horizon, leaving a luminous trail. (Jacques Vallee, Passport to Magonia) What might be called the first official investigation of a UFO sighting occurred in Japan in 1235. During the night of September 24, while General Yoritsumo and his army were encamped, they observed mysterious lights in the heavens. The lights were seen in the southwest for many hours, winging, circling and moving in loops. The general ordered a “full-scale scientific investigation” of these strange events.”

The Roman author Julius Obsequens, believed to have lived in the fourth century ce., drew on Livy as well as other sources of his time to compile his book Prodigorium liber, which describes many peculiar phenomena, some of which could be interpreted as UFO sightings. Here are just a few examples: 216 bce. Things like ships were seen in the sky over Italy… At Arpi (180 Roman miles, east of Rome, in Apulia) a round shield was seen in the sky. At Capua, the sky was all on fire, and one saw figures like ships… 99 B.C. When C. Murius and L. Valerius were consuls, in Tarquinia, there fell in different places…. a thing like a flaming torch, and it came suddenly from the sky. Towards sunset, a round object like a globe, or round or circular shield took its path in the sky, from west to east. 90 bce. In the territory of Spoletium (65 Roman miles north of Rome, in Umbria) a globe of fire, of golden colour, fell to the earth, gyrating. It then seemed to increase in size, rose from the earth, and ascended into the sky, where it obscured the disc of the sun, with its brilliance. It revolved towards the eastern quadrant of the sky. [Harold T. Wilkins, Flying Saucers on the Attack, pp.164-69] A later chronicler of inexplicable phenomena, one Conrad Wolffhart (a professor of grammar and dialectics who under the pen name of Lycosthenes wrote the compendium Prodigiorum ac Ostentorum Chronicon, published in 1567), mentions the following events: 393 ce, Strange lights were seen in the sky in the days of the Emperor Theodosius. On a sudden, a bright globe appeared at midnight. It shone brilliantly near the day star (planet, Venus), about the circle of the Zodiac. This globe shone little less brilliantly than the planet, and little by little, a great number of other glowing orbs drew near the first globe. The spectacle was like a swarm of bees flying around the beekeeper, and the light of these orbs was as if they were dashing violently against each other. Soon, they blended together into one awful flame, and bodied forth to the eye as a horrible two-edged sword. The strange globe which was first seen now appeared like the pommel to a handle, and all the little orbs, fused with the first, shone as brilliantly as the first globe. [Harold T. Wilkins, Flying Saucers on the Attack, pp.174, 177]

There are many modern abduction stories like the Hess’ of course, beginning with the famous story of Barney and Betty Hill, but all rely on the credibility of their stories and the support of hypnotic regression techniques. There is no hard evidence left behind which is the reason for so much scepticism. Whether these reports are real or imagined by medieval and ancient alien conspiracy theorists of course we do not know.  Even discussing the subject of ufo’s opens a person to the nervous mockery of the moral majority who find it far more comfortable to blanket themselves in traditional religious texts where belief is totally a question of faith rather than using our God-given powers of rational thought; even though the unchallenged religious stories are at least as fantastic as, if not almost identical to, the ancient and contemporary ufo/ alien stories. As Karl Marx observed, religion is the opiate of the masses.

The most prolific UFO sightings have been in the Nevada desert, around nuclear weapons sites. The 50-year old classified documents from that time have now reached the time when researchers can access them and witnesses whose employment at the time prevented them discussing incidents, are now free to do so.  And now seventy-five years after the Roswell incident we ourselves are on the brink of becoming alien visitors to Mars and beyond. The next phase will be the discovery of wormholes in space that expand our travels far beyond our imagination today. We may find somewhere in our exploration an intelligent life species that is hundreds of thousands of years earlier in its evolution than we are. We may engineer their DNA and cause them devastating confusion as they grapple with this fast-tracking process. They may wonder who we are and where we come from. We may regularly send drones and/ or scientists back there to maintain the scientific experiment. We may wonder why some start wearing aluminium hats and standing in frightened groups in the desert at night. We may decide to send a message to them, “Don’t worry, we come in peace, (as we produce a specimen jar).” 

In 2021 The US Government were forced to declassify secret Airforce/ CIA files which confirmed what was being increasingly difficult to deny with over 140 officially confirmed reports of alien craft with a level of anti-gravity technology beyond that which humans can conceive. These were regularly observed, by eyewitness and by radar, in our skies and official reports were stored under State secrecy. Since these alien aircraft are real then the beings who design, build, and pilot these aircraft are also real and are non-human. The release of these documents immediately gave credibility to the Hess’ account of an alien encounter in the Mojave desert 30 years ago as well as the Biblical account of the virgin birth of a Jewish child in the Galilean desert 2,000 years ago. It also gives credence to the hundreds of recollections through memory and hypnotic regression of humans claiming to have experienced alien abduction for the purpose of conducting intrusive medical/ reproductive procedures.

This intrusion of ‘beings from the heavens’ in our lives over the past seventy years coincides with the astounding development of computer technology in just two generations; from unconnected, huge clunky mechanical calculators in the 1950’s to connected smartphones in almost every pocket today; we have 6+ billion smartphones for a global population of eight billion people. Along with the unimaginably rapid escalation in this communication technology came the communication manipulation of algorithmically directed social media. In a very short space of time humans have become slaves to technology; smartphones are the new opiate of the masses. But who is the lord of technology and who are the servants of the lord?

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Incoming…….

A an asteroid over Chelyabinsk, Russia in 2013. Credit: unknown

Noah built an ark, 300 cubits in length, while the people mocked him…

I had not given the subject of the Biblical flood much philosophical thought since my bible class school years, but I stumbled on a slightly new take on the subject with one of the books I bought for my summer reading that resurrected my interest. It was a book called ‘Magicians of the Gods’ by Graham Hancock, who is a long-established researcher and writer of ancient geology, archaeology and astronomy. Hancock attracted my interest not with studying the flood evidence in the lands of the Bible but rather in a place referred to as the Scablands of North America.

Scablands dry channels; image credit unknown

Throughout the 20th century there had been much debate around the formation of these monumental channels. To put them into perspective, what is referred now to as “The Dry Falls” would have, at the time they were formed, been almost three times higher than Niagara Falls and 50% higher than the Victoria Falls in southern Africa. They would also have been six times wider than Niagara. So, the great debate in the 20th century community of geologists was regarding the cause of these massive washed-out channels. The geological establishment always favoured the gradual erosion theory following the end of the ice age around 12,000 years ago when Canada and this northern part of North America was under three kilometres of ice. A few geologists did not buy this gradual erosion, arguing that the impact on the landscape was just too dramatic for erosion and therefore had to be the result of a catastrophic event. The two camps argued for a few decades and the community eventually called a truce and ‘met in the middle’ with the theory of the collapse of a glacial lake causing the dramatic creation of the channels. But neither side really believed in this middle ground. The gradual erosion side were just of that geological religion and the catastrophic geologists just thought that the lake in question, Missoula, would never have contained anywhere nearly enough water volume to result in the massive scouring today visible. But they simply had no alternative theory to seize.

But enter the 21st century and geologists were now studying an apparently unrelated geological feature, nano diamonds. A team of 25 Geophysicists with nuclear physicist Richard Firestone as its team leader and including oceanographer Jim Kennett, presented a paper in 2007 claiming that evidence found in a number of 12,000+ year old carbon-rich sites (in the form of nano-diamonds) across North America and one site in Belgium, convinced them that an asteroid had entered earth’s atmosphere at the end of the last ice age, with North America taking the biggest hit. Such an impact would have also been responsible for the extinction of many of the megafauna of the northern climes that also occurred at this time. The initial absence of evidence of a crater on North America was explained by the fact that it would have impacted on the 3 km deep ice sheet over Canada and Northern USA. However, in 2018 a crater was discovered beneath the Hiawatha glacier in Greenland that is 31 km wide and created by the impact of a 1.5km wide iron asteroid which did impact within the timeframe of the last ice age and may have been related to this event. The nano-diamond evidence was created by thermal heat up to, or greater than, 2,200 degrees centigrade. The evidence of glass-like carbon is the smoking gun, or at least the residue from a smoking gun. The evidence began to mount over the next few years. The ongoing search has now found further evidence of these nano-diamond deposits over North America and Northern Europe.

Aha’, say the ‘catastrophic cause’ geologists of the Scablands study, ‘we have our event’. ‘Aha’ say the Biblical scholars, “we have a date for our great flood“. A massive comet impact landing on the 3 km ice sheet of North America and fragmenting across northern Europe would account for the creation of the nano diamond deposits and would also account for an instant melting of 10% of the northern icecap which would be a sufficient volume of water to create the scablands in North America and the great flood through the lands of the Bible, below the Northern Europe ice cap.

The scoured height of the Scablands in North America would indicate the wave of water going through was 150 metres high; that would be three times higher than Niagara Falls. For a modern-day comparison, the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami measured between 15 and 30 metres at the earthquake’s epicentre near Sumatra and between 6 and 12 metres on the Banda Aceh coast. That tsunami impacted 18 countries in Southeast Asia and Southern Africa, killing nearly 250,000 people in a single day, and leaving more than 1.7 million homeless.

Further Geophysical evidence from Greenland ice core studies of the earth’s temperature movements over the millennia shows that the last glacial maximum period of the ice age ended 20,000 years ago when natural global warming caused the gradual retreat of the expanding glaciers. This global warming progressed over 7,000 years until suddenly, 12,800 years ago, a global event plunged the whole planet back into the depths of the previous ice age. This mini ice-age continued for a thousand years before natural global warming resumed and this period is scientifically referred to as the Younger Dryas. A global reset of massive proportions.

It’s not rocket science, the idea of a comet hitting earth is not outrageous sci-fi. Our solar system formed about 4.5 billion years ago from a dense cloud of interstellar gas and dust. The cloud collapsed, possibly due to the shockwave of a nearby exploding star, called a supernova. When this dust cloud collapsed, it formed a solar nebula – a spinning, swirling disk of material and after millions of years of lumps of mass bashing into each other an organised solar system was formed which included our planet earth. But even since then bits of rock have collided with our planet. The really big ones are evidenced by the craters they left behind. There is one asteroid crater now measured at around 250 km in diameter near present day Johannesburg in South Africa that was created by impact two billion years ago by an asteroid estimated at nearly 20-25 kilometres wide. The next big one, estimated as a ten-15 kilometre asteroid, landed 65 million years ago on the Yucatán Peninsula in Mexico resulting in a crater 150 kilometre in diameter and this caused the extinction of the dinosaurs.

A little meteor landed in Russia back in 2013 with another in Siberia in 1908 exploded 5-10 Kilometres above the surface causing a 12 megaton impact. Back in the eighteenth century there was a comet that appeared in our skies known as Lexell’s Comet, named after the astronomer Anders Johan Lexell who first calculated its orbit. He showed that the comet had made a close approach to earth of just 1.4 million miles. That was the closest a comet has ever been witnessed to approach the Earth and, in astronomical terms, it was a very near miss given that we are 94 million miles from the sun. Lexell worked out that with the speed the comet orbited around the Sun, we would see it again in 12 years, possibly a lot closer to earth and, if in an attack formation, it would actually smash into the earth. In 1782, however, the comet was nowhere in sight. The French mathematician Pierre Simon-Laplace then calculated that the comet had experienced a set of encounters with the giant planet Jupiter. After the 1770 sighting from earth, the second encounter with Jupiter modified the comet’s orbit, ejecting it from the Solar System altogether and removing it as a potential hazard.

A very serious comet in more recent times was named Shoemaker-Levy 9. The comet had orbited the Sun for billions of years but, in the 1960s or 1970s, it changed orbit and made a close pass at Jupiter and the giant planet captured it and it then orbited Jupiter on a highly elongated path. On July 7, 1992, it passed so close to Jupiter that the planet’s mighty tides tore the comet apart. When it was re-discovered a year or so the comet had a squashed look due to having been smashed into fragments.

By observing the orbit of the comet, the astronomers calculated that it would collide with Jupiter in July of 1994. Having broken up the comet into bite-size chunks, the first piece of the comet that was pulled onto the planet’s surface was about 2 kilometres in diameter and hit with the equivalent of over a million one-megaton nuclear bombs exploding at the same time. That, however, was not the largest chunk which was identified later as fragment G.

A few years later, in July 2009, another surface dent which was measured as twice the length of the USA or the size of the Pacific Ocean approximately 9,000 km, was spotted and confirmed. Jupiter is our great big cosmic bodyguard. So if Jupiter is the mighty protector deity of earth then that explains why, as a planet, it was so respected and revered by ancient cultures as the warrior hero-god. Just how the ancients had any knowledge from which to create such myths about Jupiter performing such god-like protection roles is a matter of speculation for another essay, another time.

So these things happen and it appears that the evidence now fully supports that 12,800 years ago fragments of a comet, estimated as up to 4 kms wide, hit North America, melted 10% of the Canadian and Northern European ice cap in minutes, and that impact created a wave of water in the United States alone which was five times larger than that 2004 Sumatran tsunami. It could also be noted that 12,800 years ago the area from Bangkok to Bali was one single land mass not broken up into islands as the Indonesian archipelago is today. It took a massive amount of sea rise to sink that much land.

Once mainstream science started accepting this comet theory as both plausible and probable, the astronomers began trying to trace where this comet might have come from. They have since computer-modelled it as having been one massive, long cloud of comet fragments through which earth passed on its natural orbit of the sun 12,800 years ago. And on examining the plutonium levels of Greenland ice core samples in that period, they concluded that this was not just a single hit but the comet cloud was so long that it continued for just over twenty years. Evidence of plutonium layers deep in the ice core indicate that twice a year, for twenty years, the earth’s solar circuit passed through this comet cloud causing continuous comet strikes. The unrelenting strikes on land would have set the planet alight with massive wildfires; a living hell beyond anything we could imagine today. The smoke and dust from this 20+ year bombardment blocked the sun for a thousand years causing the Younger Dryas climatic event and hell quite literally froze over.

Whatever level of civilisation humans may have developed by that stage would have completely been burned and /or submerged and would have left little or no evidence behind for archaeologists to discover today. It could be reasonably speculated that any survivors from this hell on earth would be likely to be living south of the equator, below the primary impact region: South America, central and southern Africa, Southern India, Indonesia, Australia and lands of Oceania, onto which the massively rising seas would have created islands of the highest peaks.

A common narrative handed down to us through our western religious indoctrination is the concept of heaven, limbo and hell as the three outcomes of the judgement day. We are told that at the end of days the ‘righteous’ will be taken directly into the heavens, those who are in God’s grace and friendship but still imperfectly purified are placed in a state of limbo to become righteous and the rest are damned to an existence amongst fire and brimstone. We have no date for this scenario but what if that day of reckoning has already happened? Was this comet strike event humanity’s ‘Judgement Day’.

While this was a global cataclysmic event that could have potentially caused the extinction of our species, the fact is that humanity did survive. These are the humans who lived far enough away from the impact zone and adapted to survive through the thousand-year winter that followed. Those native humans who had endured 1,000 years of hell on earth would have passed nature’s ‘survival of the fittest’ tests in the most extreme conditions.

We learn from the Bible that this flood event with the decimation of the human race was foretold to Noah who was directed to build an ark to survive the impending flood with his immediate family of wife, three sons and their wives, with plants and animals to sustain them. The Hebrew Bible talks about Noah taking plants and seeds in his ark to the western Mediterranean shores near Lebanon to repopulate the world. This repopulation occurred in the dawn of the Age of Virgo, the maiden, our cosmic connection with the earth and its produce. The legend that these were the sole survivors of the great flood probably had a factual basis but would almost certainly be a tribal rather than a global account of surviving the great flood. Rather than all the animals of the planet they would have taken on board the normal animals on which they relied for food and milk.

Graham Hancock went down this same path of study linking the comet strike of 12,800 years ago with the great flood legends. One part of his research led him to the writings of the prophet Zarathustra who is reported by Plato to have lived 5,000 years before the Trojan War. Most of the original Zend-Avesta, the Sacred book of Zoroastrianism, was apparently lost when Alexander the Great burned Persepolis, the capital of ancient Persia, in 331 bce. The Gathas, forming the oldest part, originated with Zoroaster. The original writings on papyrus date back to between 1500-1000 bce but it is known that Zarathustra borrowed from more ancient writings. His texts tell of the ancient warning that a great serpent would sweep through the sky and bring forth a great winter. That sort of aligns with the comet and subsequent plunge back to the ice age. But then the Zoroastrian texts, as they are known, talk of the building of an underground shelter to survive this impending great winter. Into this underground shelter, called a Vara, the seeds of men and women of the greatest best and finest kinds…. the seeds of every kind of cattle…tree….fruit, until the dire winter passed and spring returned. The texts specified that no lepers, lunatics, impotent or deformed humans would be bred in this Vara; and only the seeds of the fruits and vegetables that are ‘fullest of food and sweetest of odour’.

The Vara that Zarathustra refers to was to be constructed on three subterranean levels, each smaller than the one above, the largest with nine streets, the middle with six streets and the smallest three streets. It also described the use of “uncreated lights that shine from below’ since the sun and moon would not be visible. Someone called Yima was given responsibility by the Gods for the construction. He was to bring the seeds of men and women, the seeds of every kind of fruit and of tree. Finally, we learn from these texts that ‘every fortieth year, to every couple two are born, a male and a female. And thus, it is for every sort of cattle.’ There is also a note that the humans live in Vara for 150 years. Moreover, intriguingly, the births of offspring to every couple do not result from sexual union but from the seeds deposited in the Vara. Actually, as sci-fi as this Zoroastrian text sounds, it resonates with how we would try to survive a cataclysmic global event today and is much more plausible than Noah and his sons and all the animals of the world floating on their ark for forty days then becoming the source of all life on earth today.

Mesopotamia is the land where Abraham was born and lived most of his life before migrating to Canaan. Atra-Hasis (exceptionally wise) is a character of an Akkadian epic that is recorded in various versions on clay tablets. The Atra-Hasis tablets include both an account of the creation of mankind and of the great deluge. This is one of three known Babylonian stories of the great deluge. Atra-Hasis also appears on one of the Sumerian kings lists as king of Shurrupak in the times before a flood. The oldest known copy of the epic tradition concerning Atra-Hasis can be dated to the reign of Ammi Saduka (1646–1626 BCE), 200 years before Moses, during the time that the Israelites were slaves in Egypt.

These texts greatly increased knowledge of the epic and were the basis for Lambert and Millard’s first English translation of the Atra Hasis epic in something approaching entirety. A further fragment has been recovered in Ugarit. In its most complete surviving version, the Atra Hasis epic is written on three tablets in Akkadian, the language of ancient Babylon.

Tablet I contains a creation myth about the Sumerian gods Anu, Enlil, and Enki, gods of sky, wind, and water, when gods were in the ways of men. Following a casting of lots, sky is ruled by Anu, earth by Enlil, and the freshwater sea by Enki. (This account from Atra-Hasis has a corresponding passage in the Greek poem the Iliad, i.e. the division by lots of the air, underworld and sea among the Gods Zeus, Hades and Poseidon.) Enlil then assigned junior divinities to do farm labour and maintain the rivers and canals. They then refer to the creation of humans as slaves by the seven senior Gods to take over the labour from the junior Gods. But the tablets also describe how the God Enlil became frustrated with the overpopulation and endless ‘noise’ of the humans and Enlil brought first pestilence and finally a great flood to destroy that which he had created.

In these Sumerian clay tablets is also reference, post-deluge, to seven sages travelling and sailing to different parts of the globe on a mission to re-civilise the world. Egypt was first port of call for the civilising process, Turkey and Babylon not long after. China was also an early starter in the modern civilisation process followed by Japan. South Americans have similar tales about Gods arriving after the flood and teaching them metalcraft, gold-smithing and the engineering skills to build intricately designed irrigation schemes on the sides of mountains and precision pyramids with accurate astronomical references.

Continuing his further research Hancock also studied ancient scripts in Egypt relating to this same period and found further reference to “the seven sages who set forth in ships to all parts of the world to take with them humans, animals and seeds with which to repopulate a world that had been devastated by the great flood”. This could lead to reasonable speculation that the underground system of rooms and passageway of the great pyramid would align with Zarathustra’s description of the Vara. It is very possible that in the subterranean chambers of this great structure, generating its own power and having its own water source, alien-gods prepared for the task of re-civilising planet earth when the earth’s climate settled again. And if the pyramid provided its own energy source then that would have powered the artificial lighting and support systems for such a life support incubator. And the date of this emergence could then have been marked on the cosmic calendar with a great stone sphinx. Thousands of years later, Pharaohs could well have repurposed these structures as burial chambers because their history told them these were the homes of the Gods, from where their soul could journey to the heavens.

And so, just as the Sumerian and Egyptian writings describe, a thousand years after that great flood event, the Seven Sages emerged from beneath the ground with their technological, agricultural, chemical and engineering knowledge and set themselves on a mission to rebuild a new civilisation, accompanied by the humans who were now pale-skinned, blue/green eyed and fair-headed as a result of having been incubator-bred underground for a thousand years. Their bodies no longer produced the levels of melanin to provide protection from the sun and these white-skinned humans now required protective clothing and headwear to emerge from their underground incubator; gold, if available was an especially effective protection against solar radiation. And eventually these ‘sons of Gods’ went forth to distant lands to find the descendants of those who survived the great flood as hunter gatherers. Those who inhabited the jungles of South America, those who had lived in central and southern Africa since the dawn of the species; the natives of southern Asia and the people of the Pacific whose lands had shrunk and separated into islands.

They were well south of the North American ice sheet and out of range of the main impact of the comet. These were the people who witnessed the arrival from the Middle East of god-like pale skinned humans, bringing with them their hi-tech magic to show them how to build great pyramids and temples and how to fashion metals and gems. And thus began the worship rituals of the Mayans, the Incas, the Persians, the Indians and Asians as they embraced the knowledge and the mysteries of their allocated sage, one of seven, and the ‘sons’ who accompanied them. So, from that link, important questions arise. Were these pale skinned humans the ‘sons of God’ who, according to Genesis 6, took the daughters of men and bore children by them. And do the Seven Sages who, according to ancient Sumerian clay tablets and Egyptian stone records, set forth on boats to re-civilise the world after the great flood align with the seven archangels of the Hebrew bible and the seven senior Gods of the Accadian clay records?

If a cataclysmic comet strike ushering in a thousand-year winter was indeed our judgement day, then earth’s natural, dark-skinned native population represent the damned but resilient survivors of that cosmic event and the pale-skinned Northerners are the descendants of the artificially preserved and bred humans kept in underground limbo for 25 generations; but did any humans make it on the list of the righteous and gain a ticket on a direct ascension into the heavens? And if so, what has happened to them? Were they taken up to the Pleiades? Do they keep in touch? Are they inviting us to join them? Or are they now just displays in a museum out there somewhere?

Today Governments around the world are investing billions in a race to colonise Mars. The United States, China and United Arab Emirates have all active missions to Mars programmes in 2020. Why? Transport entrepreneurs Elon Musk and Richard Branson compete to develop the ability to commercially transport humans to Mars. Why? There are so many priorities on earth for our investment and technological developments; why is there this focus on colonising a planet where the atmosphere cannot even support life? Mars’ atmosphere contains more than 95% carbon dioxide and not even 1% oxygen; earth is nearly 80% nitrogen and 20% oxygen. Plants cannot grow out there, we can’t even breathe up on Mars; its’ surface is exposed to radiation levels that would kill humans in minutes. We would only live inside a dome. It seems madness. Why are we not putting that energy, money and focus into making our own planet a better environment to live in? And yet we are hell-bent on this mission to colonise Mars.

In America, Elon Musk has established his own special school, Ad Astra (to the stars), on the SpaceX campus in Los Angeles. He took his five sons from Los Angeles’s Mirman School, a K-8 school for “gifted” children. Musk also hired one of Mirman’s teachers, Joshua Dahn, to run Ad Astra. In the new school’s first year, the Musk children (twins born in 2004 and triplets born in 2006) were joined by a few children of SpaceX employees. Today, more than 30 students aged 7 to 14 take part in a curriculum focusing on science, maths, engineering, robotics, and artificial intelligence. Ad Astra leaves a very light digital footprint from its absence of grades to the secrecy of its admissions process. Reportedly, spots are limited to the children of SpaceX employees and, even then, are by invitation only. 

Minkowski, Einstein and Hawking have all been figuring out this time-space warping concept that leads to a conclusion that there are black holes and wormholes in space. Is there a space portal on Mars that connects to a black wormhole that fast-tracks between our solar system and the Pleiades? Is Mars intended as a limbo colony to preserve our species, or is it to be an intergalactic spaceport? Or is it both?

Conspiracy theorists always claim that somebody knows something they aren’t telling us? But NASA is not making any secret that they have been tracking asteroid 99942 since 2004 when initial observations showed a slight chance of an impact with either the earth or the moon in 2029. It has just made another pass around us and projections have been updated and we are now apparently safe until possibly 2068. It has a diameter of 370 metres and has been named Apophis, after the Egyptian god of chaos. That is relatively small compared to the estimated 4 kilometre wide asteroid that caused the great flood 12,800 years ago and only a only a pebble compared to the ten kilometre wide asteroid that hit Mexico 66 million years ago and wiped out the dinosaurs; but it could still do some serious damage to the area it hit, cause major weather disruption globally and cause a major setback to our technology-based civilisation. In such an event it might be useful to have an incubation dome safely located well away from the impact zone where the human species and the seeds of earth could be preserved. A place with a worm-hole connection to higher technological support in distant star zones. So that when Earth’s dust is settled and the climate has recovered, such preservers of the species could then seek out the survivors who had adapted and survived over many generations of a far more primitive life. Could these ‘strangers’, who had lived hundreds of years in an incubation dome, be tasked to help restore the technology-based civilisation that had been lost by the asteroid impact? Our task is the survival of the species.

And Elon built a space-ark, 300 cubits in length, while the people mocked him……

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A time for every purpose

The Vacheron Constantin Model 57260 Pocket watch

Not so very long ago I was employed and busy, now I am retired and at leisure. Tick, tock, time started to go very slowly compared to how it used to fly by. Now I have plenty of time to start wondering what time is. I wonder why time seems to be variable. Newton believed time was absolute, Einstein begged to differ favouring relativity of time. Do animals contemplate time? Probably not, so why do we? And for that matter what is it?

‘What is time?’ I asked my oldest and dearest friend while waiting for our coffee to arrive. ‘It’s a noun,’ he replied. Then mumbled something off the cuff about organising things with it. End of conversation. He is a retired schoolteacher, but clearly off his game. The coffee had not yet arrived.

If he was on his game, he would probably have said that, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, time is the indefinite continued progress of existence and events in the past present and future regarded as a whole. He would then have presented a slide show with his little laser-light pointer to demonstrate his definition, thus: “The Vacheron Constantin model 57260 pocket watch, pictured above, is named the “Tivoli” and was built by three watchmakers over eight years for one client. It is an exceptionally complex and sophisticated monitor of the procession of time. This timepiece would have fitted with Karl Marx’ quip that time was invented by clockmakers to sell more clocks”.

It is a pretty cool watch. The front of it is the side with the gold Roman numerals up top. There’s an astronomical calendar, which includes a display of the phases and age of the moon, a hand that tracks the movement through the Zodiac along with the equinoxes and solstices and a rotating sky chart. There are three full calendar systems in this watch. The first is a Gregorian perpetual calendar that includes displays for the date with a retrograde hand, day of the week, month and year in the leap year cycle. There are also indicators for the number of the day of the week and number of the week in the year in accordance with the ISO 8601 standard calendar. There is also a Hebrew perpetual calendar which shows the Hebrew name of the day, Hebrew name of the month, Hebrew date, Hebrew secular calendar, Hebrew year, whether the year has 12 or 13 months, where in the 19-year lunar cycle this year is, and the date of Jewish holy day Yom Kippur, which moves around the calendar. It has a double retrograde split-seconds chronograph and…. it tells the time in both sidereal and solar hours and minutes. Sidereal time tracks the earth in relation to the stars instead of in relation to the sun and differs from solar time by plus or minus a few minutes. Sometimes a few minutes makes all the difference. You can also see what time the sun will rise and what time it will set in the watch owner’s home city as well as how long the day and night will each be on that day. The hours and minutes are shown with regulator-style hands, meaning the hours and minutes are on separate axes. The small gold hands show a second earthly time zone.

But as complex as the data on this pocket-watch is, it is focused around the year which we understand as that which relates to the lifespan of humans. Human lifespans are measured in earthly years. But from the ancient Hindu records we can examine a calendar of what they knew as the Great Year.

This is record of a year in relation to the lifespan of our solar system within the greater cosmos. This great year lasts for approximately 25,770 human years, that is of Earth’s circuits of the sun, for that is the timespan it takes our planet to spin, with a wobble, the 360-degree circuit of the twelve constellations of space, moving at a snail’s pace of one degree each 72 years. We spend approximately 2,147 years in each constellation of the zodiac.

This calendar of the Great Year is divided into four Yuga, the equivalent of our four seasons in a solar year. These are named: Satya (gold) Treta (silver), Dvapara (bronze) and Kuri (iron). Within the four yugas are twelve rashis, the equivalent of twelve months in the human year. These are: Mesh (Aries), Varishabha (Taurus), Mithuna (Gemini), Karka (Cancer), Simha (Leo), Kanya (Virgo), Tula (Libra), Vrischika (Scorpio), Dhanu (Sagittarius), Makara (Capricorn), Kumbha (Aquarius) and Meena (Pisces). Right now, relatively speaking, we are transitioning from 2,000+ years in Pisces into the age of Aquarius. Aquarius brings us into the beginning of the 6,000 year long Gold yuga, believed to be a time of the purest age of truth and humanity under the rule of the gods. That may explain the exploratory extra terrestrial craft that the USA government has now admitted have been entering our skies at will over the past 80 years. We can only hope there is truth in that.

If we go further back in the cosmic calendar then the age before Pisces had been Aries, the Warrior, dating from approximately 2100 bc. Aries is a fire sign ruled by the planet Mars which has the characteristics of male aggression, strong passions, relentless determination, and a direct, uncomplicated approach in carrying out their ambition. From the history that is recorded, the Age of Aries did seem to climax over the latter five centuries with almost constant battles for supremacy within the main civilisations of Egypt, Greece, Persia, Rome and China. Many of the most notable historical characters of early first centuries bce were in fact generals or warrior kings: Alexander the Great, Mithridates of Persia , Qin Shi Huang founder of the Qin dynasty and Julius Caesar to name just a few.

As we moved through the Age of Aries, territorial wars were a constant feature of life. The Sumerians were conquered by the Babylonians around 2000 bce who were in turn were conquered by the Persians in 539 bce who went on to conquer Egypt and were constantly attacking the Greeks. It was Alexander the Great who restored order for Greece and by 300 bce had forced the Persians out of the Indus Valley, Syria, Judea and Egypt.

But as the Age of Aries came to its end, it was the Roman and Persian empires who were left facing off with each other for the finals of European/ North African and Middle Eastern dominance. By around 200 bce the armies from Rome had defeated the Greeks and Rome then ruled the former Greek empire, including Galilee and Judea. Julius Caesar was their most famous general conquering Western Europe as far as Gaul and Britain. But with the Romans having defeated the Greeks and now dedicating so much attention to Western Europe, Persia was also re-emerging as a greater military power in the middle east and with the technological development of horsemen archers and chariots, began claiming back territory lost to the Greeks and now controlled by Rome.

In 53bce the Persians lured 30,000 Roman legionnaires into open battle in the desert near a town called Carrhae, in modern Turkey, then surrounded them with their feared horseman-archers who rained shield piercing arrows on them and those who did not surrender were slaughtered, including General Marcus Crassus. In 41BC Marcus Antonius set off for Persia to avenge this slaughter. Along the route Marcus Antonius called a meeting of allies and there he met and was famously distracted by Queen Cleopatra who invited him to winter with her in Alexandria. Now that is a classy chat-up line. The march to Persia was halted in Syria. Parthian Crown Prince Pacorus and a Roman deserter Quintus Labienus took advantage of his distraction and made a preemptive strike across the Euphrates River into Syria and conquering all before them secured much of the Syria, Palestine, Judaea regions. Ongoing battles between Rome and the Parthians tended to be long and inconclusive, But in 40bce Marcus Antonius’ forces moved quickly against Labienus who had legionaries, but only limited cavalry support and Labienus was killed and the Parthians retreated from Judea and Syria, allowing Antony and his forces back into this Mediterranean strip. Antony took revenge on some of the treacherous kings, including Antigonus of Judea, and then established the Herodian dynasty in Judaea. But Antonius’ greatest threat was in Rome against Octavian and finally when facing defeat in 30BC, Antonius committed suicide while with Cleopatra in Alexandria. Octavian became Augustus Caesar and this was the geopolitical situation at the end of the Age of Aries and the dawn of the Age of Pisces.

Further backdating along the Ages of the Great Year, from the period of approximately 4,000 – 2,000 bce was under the sign of Taurus, the Sensualist, the enjoyer of earthly pleasures. This period was known as our Bronze Age (beginning approximately 3,000 bce) which was the discovery of the metallurgical skills that contributed significantly to that civilisation, particularly introducing the invention of the wheel. And as it turns out, human civilisation as we understand it today emerged in the three regions of Crete around 3500 bce, Sumer in Mesopotamia around 3400 bce and Egypt in Northern Africa around 3100 bce; all within 400 years of each other. But in the Hindu Great Year this was the first age of the descent of man into the hedonism of the Kali (iron) Yuga.

It was the Minoans on Crete and other Aegean Islands who are recognised as creating the first great European trading city complete with its palaces, grand cultural, religious, administrative, and commercial centres; forums for public gathering and celebrations; workshops for artists; astronomical observatory towers, public baths and aqueducts. Around this same period in the Age of Taurus, similar civilised life also blossomed in Sumer and Egypt.

The Minoan civilisation was devastated by a massive volcanic eruption on the island of Santorini around 1500 bce which was possibly the original source of the legend of the sinking of Atlantis. Two hundred and fifty years after the collapse of the Minoans civilisation, Mycenaean civilisation evolved as the most advanced and distinctively Greek civilization on mainland Greece.

But going back older than 4,000 bce, we are entering the dvapara (bronze) Yuga of the Great Wheel, which extends back as far as 10,480 bce and was the first decline of man from the Treta (silver) Yuga and further beyond this time, the Golden Yuga. We have no stories of humans and human civilisation during these Silver and Gold Yuga, we only have mythical oral legends of Gods and their creation of humans.

Image credit: unknown

We have solid archaeological evidence, in construction terms, of the nature of civilisation during the 2000-year era of Pisces, but before this era the evidence becomes progressively more sparse and we then start relying more and more on pottery fragments, until we get to the great pyramids of Giza. These pyramids are staring at us, stone-faced, as monuments proving that long before us was an age of inhabitants with technology that we are only now starting to catch up with. But most interestingly there is no evidence of the expected progression of construction and engineering from the time the great pyramid until 221 BC with the great wall of China, and even that is hardly of the scale and technological level of the Giza pyramids. So what happened to civilisation in the timespan between the building of the pyramids and the building of China’s great wall or the Hoover Dam or International Space Station?

Mainstream archeology theory maintains the legend that Egyptian pharaohs engaged thousands of slaves in a technologically primitive time about 5,000 years ago, to build the great pyramids and Sphinx. The great pyramid of Giza is recorded as being the burial chamber Pharaoh Khufu who was recorded as reigning from 2589-2566 bce, a period of 63 years (although modern historians calculate the reign to have been between 23 and 34 years). There is carbon dating tracing the pyramids back 4-5,000 years aligning with Khufu’s reign, but carbon dating cannot date stone; it can only date organic matter. The removal of the limestone sheathing to build palaces 4-5,000 years ago would explain why the organic matter on the surface dates back to that period. And no doubt the pharaohs did build smaller replicas of the Giza pyramids for their own grand tombs, and these are genuinely 4-5,000 years old.

But let us focus on the originals, the three pyramids of Giza and their Lion headed Sphinx. Apart from the geometric precision and alignment of the pyramid, which defies rational explanation, there is the enormous physical achievement. Even presuming that Khufu did reign 63 years and began the construction of the pyramid at the very beginning of his reign; and even assuming that tens of thousands of Egyptians worked on the pyramid twelve hours a day, seven days a week for each of those 63 years, they would still have needed to put those stone blocks, averaging 2.5 tonnes, precisely into position on the pyramid at the rate of one every seven minutes. Add the complication that it is presumed the pyramid was mainly built during the farming off-season, then the speed at placing those stone blocks with such precision defies all credibility.

The great Pyramid at Giza weighs six million tons and used 2.3 million blocks, the largest of which are found above the King’s chamber and weigh from 25 to 80 tons each. There were an estimated 144,000 highly polished casing stones cut flat to an accuracy of 1/100th of an inch and nearly perfect right angles for all six sides measuring 8 feet thickness and weighting 15 tons each. Its footprint is 13 acres with each side measuring 750 feet and height is 481 feet. But apart from the sheer size and weight of the blocks supposedly carried large distances by slaves with no greater technology than ropes, rollers, pulleys and hand tools, the mathematical and astrological accuracy is mind blowing even today. The pyramid’s coordinates align it to cardinal True North with a precision of 3/60th of a single degree. True North cannot be located by sight or by a magnet.

The height and length of the great pyramid are not just random figures either. Take the pyramid height of 481 feet and multiply that by 43,200 and you get a precise measurement of the polar radius of the earth. Then take the length of the perimeter of the pyramid, 4 x 750 feet and multiply that by 43,200 and you get the equatorial circumference of the earth. And what does the figure 43,200 mean? I don’t know why a factor of 43,200 was the basis for the design of the pyramid although interestingly 43,200 is also the number of seconds in a 12-hour day or the number of minutes in a month. The earth’s ‘wobble’ adjusts our precession through the astrological circumference by one degree every 72 years and 72 is also an exact factor of 43,200 (1/600th). So the number does have some natural basis aligning earth with the cosmos.

The Giza pyramid sits directly over an invisible electro-magnetic ley line and is aligned within 0.05 of a degree accuracy due true north/south. The Sphinx, as part of the pyramid complex, is an astrological alignment facing due east for the Spring equinox, which is also no accident. It is in lion body form, which was not just a whim of the architect and the sun at Spring equinox was last in the constellation of Leo in the 9,000 bc era. 9,000 bce was also the timing of the emerging of the earth from the 1,000-year nuclear winter of the Comet-created Younger Dryas. If, at the sunrise on the Spring equinox, you turned 90 degrees to face due south you would have seen the three stars of Orion’s belt appear in the exact same alignment as the three pyramids of Giza. The mathematical and cosmic precision of the dimensions is not coincidental; the Sphinx is the oldest calendar marker in our human history and was placed there to mark a significant time in our history. It was built to enable us to interpret, more than ten thousand years later, the timing of the comet strike that destroyed what civilisation had already existed on the planet and that a new era for humanity was about to begin.

Sceptics scoff at the idea that alien species have visited Earth and influenced us and our planet with their advanced intelligence and technology; but either that happened or our ancestors of at least 200 generations ago were capable of all this extraordinary astronomical, geographic, and engineering precision without the aid of computers, satellites, cranes or any machinery. We must dispense with the notion, once and for all, that humans built these Pyramids with their only tools being axes, ropes and timber logs. That is simply nonsense. The Pyramids were built using satellite-sourced co-ordinates, computer-assisted planning, laser-precision stone cutting technology, and anti-gravity lifting technology

This was the Age of Leo when Earth was emerging from the Ice Age and the planet was warming. individuality started appearing. Humans started, or re-started, to organise the primitive social structures and brought on the horizon the first human priests/rulers/shamans of human origin (it is believed that prior to this time humanity was led by more advanced mentors/creators). The symbol of the Sun, the sign of Leo, is deep in all ancient religious records.

The Giza pyramids themselves may have been much older than the Sphinx. They were all built in hard granite and, as we all know, granite makes the highest quality batteries. Then they were sheathed in low conductive limestone slabs laid with laser sharp engineering precision to contain the energy within.

The largest of the great pyramids was gleaming white in its original state before, in later millennia, the polished limestone coating slabs were plundered to build the palaces in the region. The other two smaller pyramids were red and black granite respectively. At the time of construction, a branch of the Nile ran right to the pyramids providing a water table beneath the pyramids; they were built strategically on a magnetic lay line and they had the direct energy source of the sun with legend telling us the capstones were sheathed in gold.

In effect, the great pyramid of Giza had all the elements of a huge power generator that could supply the nearby city. But most importantly this would have been an implosive power source compared to the explosive nature of fossil-fueled power. Thousands of years later the free and renewable power creating technology of these pyramids consumed the genius mind of Nicolas Tesla.

But equally intriguingly, beneath these pyramids of Giza is a huge network of caves and passageways. British consul general Henry Salt records in his memoirs that he investigated an underground system of catacombs at Giza in 1817 in the company of Italian explorer Giovanni Caviglia. The document records that the two explored the caves for a distance of several hundred yards, coming upon four large chambers from which stretched further underground passageways. The full layout of these underground chambers remain a mystery today although in 2009 author Andrew Collins published a book demonstrating that he and Egyptologist Nigel Skinner-Simpson had followed Salt’s exploration and had themselves discovered the entrance to this huge underground complex.

Illustration of underground city below the Pyramids of Giza.
The Ancient Guy/Screenshot credit: TheBL/Youtube

The discoveries of archeology, the records of ancient Sumerians, the cosmic beliefs of the Hindus and the calculations of the Vacheron Constantin Model 57260 pocket watch, however sophisticated, are still just the measures of our observation of the motion of our planet in relation to the observable environment in which we exist. Is that all there is to time? It does not explain the mind’s perception of time; of how, when my retired teacher friend is supervising an examination room, time for him drags at a snail’s pace whereas for the students, with so much to do, the time races like a mouse (a house mouse’s actual top speed is 13kmh while it ‘feels like’ 260kmh. another time-distorting example).

I needed more. If my old friend had been a retired Physics teacher, he might have said that, according to Minkowski, who was Einstein’s Professor, time is the 4th dimension of Space-Time, additional to the three spatial dimensions of length, breadth and depth. This formed a basis for Einstein’s theory of relativity. While the watch is a time-based micromanagement tool, Minkowski and Einstein were trying to understand the relativity of time in a past, present and future sense. But what does this 4th dimension mean? The three dimensions of space are easy enough to understand because we can see them, but no-one seems to quite understand how time works as a 4th dimension.

We do know that we process information about our universe in a delayed sense according to the speed of light. The furthest star in the Southern Cross group is 364 light years away. So, when looking at the Southern Cross tonight the furthest star is, to our eye, as it was when Oliver Cromwell ruled England and the closest star in that constellation is 88 light years away, showing us what that star was like when Franklin D Roosevelt was President of the USA. This is simply the nature of the universe, the further something is from us, the slower is the transfer of awareness of that something. Therefore, the further out from earth we look the further back in time we see.

So, we have mechanical devices that monitor time as observed by the rotation of earth relative to the moon, sun and other stars; these devices are in fact no more than human inventions by which we try to control time, without which the organisation of our civilisation would fall apart. We also have a theoretical, invisible ‘fourth dimension’ formula that Minkowski and Einstein understand, but which is incomprehensible to most humans. And we also know that light, or the speed of it, seems to have a real effect on ‘time’ in a cosmological environment. So is time the effect of the motion of our planet on our lives, a fourth dimension of nature or is it simply the product of the motion of light particles? Or does time perhaps only exist in our minds?

This brings us to observe a tiny gland buried in our brain, right between our right and left hemisphere. We call it the pineal gland, because it looks like a pinecone, even though it is only the size of a pea. In fact, the Sumerians referred to the pine cone shaped gland on clay tablets thousands of years old, which is extraordinary medical knowledge to have had so long ago. The ‘sacred’ nature of this gland was also known thousands of years before modern science now tells us that this gland produces melatonin, a serotonin-derived hormone which modulates sleep patterns in both circadian and seasonal cycles. Melatonin is a structurally simple hormone that communicates information about environmental lighting to various parts of the body. Ultimately, melatonin has the ability to control biological rhythms. The light-transducing ability of the pineal gland has led some to call the pineal the ‘third eye’. The pineal gland is also capable of making a compound called Dimethyltryptamine (DMT). DMT is a powerful psychedelic chemical released during extraordinary states such as time of birth and the time of death. DMT may also induce our dreams of life in a timeless state.

The Fontana della Pigna (pinecone) at Vatican City. Image credit unknown

The pinecone symbol has appeared in religious and spiritual images for thousands of years. Depictions of Hindu deities are interwoven with both literal and symbolic representations of serpents and pinecones. The Egyptian Staff of Osiris, dating back to approximately 1224 BC, depicts two intertwining serpents rising up to meet at a pinecone. A statue of the Mexican god “Chicomecoatl” (“Seven Snakes”) depicts the deity offering forth pinecones in one hand, and an evergreen tree in the other. Those who have visited the Vatican may recall the large pinecone sculpture that is displayed, and which was built by the Romans, in pagan times, as a fountain alongside the temple of Isis. The pinecone symbolism is common throughout Greek and Roman art in reference to religion and it is hypothesised that the pinecone is the “fruit from the tree of life” referred to in Genesis. With all the references to serpents, it should be noted that, even today, the serpent remains the emblem of the medical profession.

So how did I get from a multi-million-dollar customised pocket watch to a pea-sized pinecone? I was wondering that myself. Are we still talking about time? Yes, we are; about time and the absence of it. I am now imagining whether time is the mechanism that our brain uses to process data. Our brain needs to organise events in a sequential list just to comprehend them and manage our lives.

Those yogis who achieve a very deep meditation state through the awakening of the ‘third eye’ put themselves into a state of timelessness, as do those under the influence of the psychedelic chemical DMT. Those who have returned from a near death experience, Anita Moorjani and Dr Mary Neale being two of the more famous living examples, also experience this timeless awareness. The pineal is the first gland to be created in the body, one month after conception, and is the last functioning part of the body at death with a great psychedelic shot of DMT to take us into the next dimension of body-less timelessness.

And in that timeless sense of time, we are describing what the Greeks referred to as “Kairos” as distinct from “Kronos.” Kronos is a god associated with sequential time and is represented by the scythe-yielding, cloaked and hooded old man, Father Time, leading us all from the cradle to the grave. His Roman name was Saturn and the sixth planet from the sun was named for him. From ‘Kronos’ comes the word ‘chronological’. Kairos on the other hand refers to time being a “timeless moment’. In Greek mythology Kairos is a young heroic god, youngest son of Zeus and the spirit of opportunity. But it was said you needed to seize Kairos from the front as he approached because, once he has passed, not even Zeus can seize him. Often this ‘moment of opportunity’ is represented in movies, when the hero is suddenly aware of the heroine for the first time, by voiceless sounds, slow motion action and surreal lighting. In the book of Ecclesiastes is the phrase “to everything there is a time”; time is translated in the first Greek Bible as Kairos. In Wm Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar, the quote “There is a time in the affairs of men” also refers to Kairos.

Our universe is made of three dimensions, space, mass and time. Mass is split into three sub-dimensions, height, length and width. Space is also split into three sub-dimensions: the light-reflecting space, that which we can see, light-absorbing space (black holes), and the dimension of wormholes, (a space version of the laundry chute in a multi-level home). The universe is the ultimate example of mathematical symmetry and so we can reasonably presume that time also has three dimensions which would then bring us to the great number 9 in universal majesty. We understand lineal or solar time, it has a beginning, middle and an end. A second possible dimension would be managed time, the process of time appearing to slow down or speed up; and then dreamtime completes the third dimension of time. Maybe when we experience Deja vu, or when we dream of ourselves in an unfamiliar setting or get a sense of some spiritual force, maybe that is just our us connecting briefly to ourselves or others in another dimension. Is our mind in sleep mode simply wandering through the cosmic human database that is stored in the ether? That would be a long way into the speculative theory zone for us in this lineal time dimension. But perhaps that next level is manifested in what we know as the visitors/ guardians/ aliens? When ‘man would eat from the tree of life and live forever’. (Genesis).

So, is that pea-sized, pinecone-shaped pineal gland just our brain-computer’s wi-fi device connecting us to the universe and transferring us between three dimensions of time? And I confess I am not even sure what I mean by all of that or where such speculation came from. Did I just dream that up? And talking of dreams, does the pineal gland have a connection to our dreams? We know the pineal gland contains small crystals, less than 0.02 of a mm in length (totally distinct from the hydroxyapatite concretions also found there). These crystals may well be natural super-microchips holding the master recording of our entire life. With the pineal gland responsible for our sleep it may also be responsible for using this sleep time to download, sort and provide links to existing stored data. The older we get the more complex this process and, combined with our imagination in freefall, the weirder become our dreams. It’s worth a theory.

Is that the time? Doesn’t it just fly by when you are immersed in writing? I must get off to bed; my melatonin levels are signaling that I need eight hours of timeless downtime from this process of life. I need to sleep…..to sleep perchance to dream. (Credit: Hamlet, an avatar of Wm. Shakespeare). 

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We are stardust

Credit image NASA: Hubble

Talking about the effect of psychedelics on the brain brings me to the 1969 music festival of Woodstock and its haunting, defining song written and sung by Joni Mitchell: We are stardust, we are golden…we are billion year old carbon…. and we’ve got to get ourselves back to the garden. Woodstock was a defining event when the last generation of the Age of Pisces began to awaken to a new understanding of cosmic spirituality; an understanding that we are all part of the cosmic cloud of dust moving from age to age and that when this age passes a new age would rule the planet.

When the original humans were ordered ‘out of the garden’ they were given these parting words: ‘For remember you are dust and to dust you shall return.’ Genesis 3:19. An atom with its electron, neutron and proton, is the source of electromagnetic energy in the universe. Electromagnetic energy creates vibrations, and each combination of atoms produces a different electromagnetic vibration. Such vibrations connect all forms of life with the universal consciousness and enable communication between life species and possibly even between the living and the dead. Einstein is generally recognised as the iconic genius in understanding the whole concept of physics, the structure of our physical world. But when he was once asked what it was like to be the smartest man on earth, he replied, “I don’t know, go and ask Nikola Tesla.”

Nikola Tesla (1856-1943) did not receive the level of public acknowledgement that Einstein did, and that was probably all down to hairstyle. In the world of marketing, Einstein just looks like a crazy genius. He is memorable. So much so that I don’t need to put up his image here, it is one of the most recognisable profiles in the modern world. That is why Doc Brown in the “Back to the future” movie series was made up as an Einstein lookalike. And Einstein developed a pithy little E=MC Squared catch-cry. Hardly anyone really understood what he meant, but it sounded good and inferred ‘genius’.

On the other hand, Tesla just looks like any ordinary man on the street in the late 19th/ early 20th century. Whereas Einstein developed theories about space and time, about gravity in the universe, Tesla harnessed the dynamics of electromagnetic vibrations in the atmosphere. Following the scientific experiments of the Scottish physicist James Maxwell, and the German physicist Heinrich Hertz during which invisible waves were generated by electromagnetic interactions, Tesla was the man who could grasp these experiments and transfer the technology to highly advanced practical use. But while Tesla did not get the academic recognition of Einstein, nor did he get the commercial success of Guglielmo Marconi. Marconi was credited with the invention of the radio receiver/ transmitter in Italy in 1895 at only age 21 and was granted the patent for wireless technology for which he was awarded a Nobel prize and from which he enhanced his wealthy family’s fortunes. However, Marconi’s patent was subsequently overturned by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1943 (six months after Tesla’s death) when it was proven Tesla had invented a radio transmitter/ receiver prior to Marconi and presented it during a demonstration to the National Light Association two years earlier in 1893.

Tesla is also responsible for developing the laser beam and recognising the potential for this technology in developing particle beam weapons of such mass destruction that he believed their invention would end war through fear of mutual annihilation. In 1918 Tesla is reported to have directed a laser beam to the moon. His work on particle beam weapons can be traced all the way back to 1893 with his invention of a button lamp, which had all the components necessary to create a laser beam; and to his work with X Rays when, in 1896, Tesla was photographing X-rays over distances up to 40 feet. Tesla was also involved in experiments with shooting cathode rays at targets. The laser beam has had the most profound impact on our technology today, from precision medical equipment at the positive end to precision military equipment at the other end.

Tesla introduced the game-changing use of alternating current power supply into his inventions when the corporate world was still totally fixated on Edison’s direct current power supply.  In 1930 he invented a motor with rotating magnetic fields, now widely used in household appliances, power tools, disk drives, electronic wristwatches, industrial machines and compressors. His electrically powered motor could drive a car but corporate and government interests were certainly not interested in an alternative to oil powered vehicles at that time.

Today, of course, the new technology of electric cars owes its development to Nikola Tesla. The Tesla motor company that has pioneered high performance electric cars, is named in his honour because they recognised that without Tesla’s vision and brilliance in creating the induction motor with alternating-current (AC) power transmission their car would not be possible. Tesla Inc also specialise in energy storage and solar panels.

Nikola Tesla died alone in his hotel room, in New York, in 1943, in debt. His limelight extinguished; his audience moved on. Despite his lack of academic fame and commercial fortune, Tesla is the man who had a vision of a future with intelligent cars, robotic human companions, the use of sensors and autonomous systems all came about because he understood, in a very practical way, the invisible vibrations in the universe. But just as he recognised his ability to harness these vibrations to remotely control a boat on a lake or a beam of light into space, Tesla recognised that we humans are also being controlled by these same vibrations in the universe. “The human being is a self-propelled automaton entirely under the control of external influences. Wilful and predetermined though they appear, his actions are governed not from within, but from without. He is like a float tossed about by the waves of a turbulent sea.”

In 1942, a year before his death, Tesla said “If you want to find the secrets of the universe, think in terms of energy, frequency and vibration.”  The flow of waves of energy at different levels of frequency and vibration have been shown to affect all nature, including humans, in a very practical way. The joyful birdsong at dawn is a high frequency sound, around 5,000 hertz. It is a sound that awakens and energises nature for the coming day. Experiments have shown that plants showed a 700 percent increase in efficiency of absorbing nutrients when exposed to high frequency classical music. This frequency actually helps the little pores on the plant’s leaves called stomata to open up. So lots of birds with high frequency bird song mean lots of plants.

Compare the dawn birdsong at 5000 hz with the frog croak at night of 250-500 hz. With music in 120-125 hertz range you begin to hear the kick drums and bass guitar. These lower frequencies produce an energy-draining effect, and they are actually felt as well as heard. The lowest frequency sound waves are called infrasound. They’re produced by machines such as motors, household appliances, air conditioning systems. Again, studies have shown that these low frequency waves can cause symptoms such as nausea, headaches, fatigue, insomnia, vibration of internal organs and a feeling of oppression.

Solfeggio frequencies were sound frequencies used in Gregorian chants to alter the state of mind of those chanting. These are the six Solfeggio frequencies:

UT – 396 HZ – Liberating guilt and fear
RE – 417 HZ – Undoing situations and facilitating change
MI – 528 HZ – Transformation and miracles. (The frequency used by genetic biochemists to repair dna). 
FA – 639 HZ – Connecting/ relationships
SOL – 741 HZ – Awakening intuition
LA – 852 HZ – Returning to spiritual order

A 7th note has been added to the modern music scale in the form of a “TI,” as in the “DO, RE, MI, FA, SO, LA, TI” vocal scale. The whole music scale provides a balance of energy, raising and lowering it. Awakening and resting in a natural cycle. Over-exposure to one end or the other will have a significant impact on the human mood, energy, and stress levels. Whether it is the constant high energy vibrations exposure to electronica dance parties when nature is saying it is sleep time or the constant low energy throb of machines during the day when you should be awake and alert, both upset the balance of nature. Note the changes in your physical and emotional state when you are, for example, exposed to long periods of a high-pitched dentist’s drill or the thud of a jack hammer on road works or even the drone of an aircraft engine over a long flight. Harmony with nature requires that all nature, including humans, is in cyclical sync with the universal waves of raising and lowering energy levels in a wave pattern.

Homo Sapiens might have evolved as the most intelligent species on the planet, but when it comes to our sense of atmospheric vibration, we have our limitations. Humans can hear sound at frequencies from as low as 20hz up to about 23,000 Hz. However, many animals can also hear ultrasonic frequencies. Dogs hear sounds up to 45,000 Hz and cats up to about 64,000 Hz. But beyond 23,000 hz, humans may as well be deaf. If an alien civilisation is trying to contact us above 23,000 hz, they are wasting their time. The sound is actually there, in the atmosphere, but either our eardrum cannot detect such high vibrations, or the signals from there to the brain are simply discarded for our own safety. Or perhaps because such sounds are cosmically on a ‘need to know basis’ and are considered above humans’ pay grade. If there is contact by clairvoyants with the deceased, then it would probably occur because they can sense vibrations below 20hz. In the 1930’s another unacknowledged (or ‘discredited’) scientist claimed he was selectively and successfully destroying cancer tumours in humans using only sound frequencies. His name was Royal Rife and, following in the footsteps of Tesla, he built a microscope so powerful that he could watch cells move and discovered that all cells have their own unique vibration frequency. By using a generator set at that same frequency he claimed he was able to selectively destroy pathogen and malignant cells. The Rife machine is still used today as an alternative treatment for various illnesses however it has never been adopted by mainstream medical practitioners.

We know that light vibrations that are below 430 Thz or exceed 770Thz simply do not transfer to our consciousness. Cells in the visual cortex appear to discard the information. So if the light vibration is outside our range, we may well ‘see’ it, but we don’t know we saw it. To our mind it is invisible. The phenomenon of the process of the eye transferring data to the consciousness could explain anything from magicians’ illusions to actually seeing ghosts that may drift in and out of our conscious spectrum. We are aware, particularly from reports from sectors like police, ambulance, nursing homes, of the effect of a full moon on human behaviour. The full moon sends strong light vibrations at a time when a natural pattern is for humans to sleep. This clearly is emotionally disruptive to humans, especially so to those who are particularly light vibration sensitive as no doubt sensitivity to light vibrations may vary from person to person. Having a light bulb on in a prison cell 24 hours a day is a recognised form of human torture.

Colour is no more nor less than vibration as the pure light is broken into particles. Red is in the 430-480 Thz (terahertz) vibration range. Orange 480-510, yellow is 510-540, green 540-580. Colour is, in fact, technically an illusion. Like the vocal scale, dark colours tend to be sombre and emotionally draining while bright colours are more energetic and enthusiastic. The Chinese will decorate a restaurant in red to stimulate appetite, a woman may dress in red to do likewise, although a different type of appetite. A business suit is generally in dark grey, unless you are a cheap car salesman when it might be green or light blue. A funeral is black, a wedding is white.

But different forms of life have different visual ranges. Ants are oblvious to humans. They simply do not have the sensory capacity to see anything of the larger world as their eyes are not programmed to identify much more than light or dark. Butterflies and bees can see in the ultraviolet light which is useful for many things in their life, not least is that scorpions emit UV light and are therefore very bright if their prey can see in UV light. Actually rheindeer can also see in the UV spectrum which is key to their survival in the icy regions where UV light is very strong.

Animals and birds sense the pressure of vibration of earthquakes well before they happen. Reports from earthquake analysis regularly contain reports of mass animal and bird evacuation in the hours or even days before an earthquake actually erupts. Humans do not have that level of sensitivity, or at least are not conscious of it. But sometimes people do sense that there is something there that their eyes just cannot see; perhaps our pressure sensors can feel it (a sensation that makes the skin crawl or hairs stand up on back of our neck), but the light vibration is outside our range of being conscious of seeing it. That may even occur with the moon, for it may not only be the light vibration that disturbs our mind. The moon does not travel in a perfect circle around the earth, it travels in an elliptical pattern. Throughout its cycle it can be anything from 360,000 kilometres away from us to 400,000 kilometres. The circuit of the moon is held in place by electromagnetic force of attraction, or gravity. This electromagnetic force, or pressure vibration, then varies by up to 11%, compressing and expanding energy waves during the lunar cycle, or month.

Consider the difference on our mood and emotions between a brisk shower and a soothing bath. Between a tickle with a feather and a deep tissue massage. Those pressure variations are similar to the difference between hearing a lead guitar and a bass. Between wearing a black dress and a red. It’s all vibrations.

No doubt there are times when over exposure to a particular vibration can upset the equilibrium and require a circuit breaker to reset the system, but fundamentally we do need to trust the system, trust the cosmos. There is a time to have our senses on high alert, to have our stress level peaking, when time appears to slow down for us and we can respond effectively to threats or opportunities. And there are times that we need to go into emotional hibernation. But either one must be a temporary state. Sometimes we just get stuck in one vibrational phase or another and need a circuit breaker, a reset by sound, sight or pressure. That’s what music, sunsets, hot tubs and massages are all here for.

But we do have some people amongst us, called spiritualists or psychics, who claim to be in tune with the vibrations that connect them with existence in other dimensions; who claim to be able to communicate with the deceased. Despite a healthy scepticism, I was much more drawn to psychic shows on television than any of the magician shows, even though the magicians are far more entertaining and delightful. But even though you have no idea how a $10 note you saw torn up before your eyes subsequently turned up intact in the wallet of a random spectator, you still knew that it was just an illusion. Not even the magician denies that it is just an illusory trick. In fact, the whole point of a magician’s performance is to demonstrate the skill level in deceiving the senses of the audience. Psychic performances, despite being less impressive than the great magicians, claim to offer a genuine psychic experience, not an illusion. It would be easy to dismiss them as fakes. It is possible they spike the audience with stooges. Sceptics generally claim that the psychic simply throws out enough generalisations as bait until he/ she spots a reaction and builds from that with just some shrewd intuition until he/ she gets close enough to the truth, usually by taking advantage of unsubtle leads from the emotional subject. Yet, probably for that very reason, I cannot so easily dismiss them as such (or did I so much want to believe it I shut out the obvious, just like the fans of WWE pro-wrestling?). A good question, so when a psychic, well known from a TV series, and his amazing troupe of dead people rolled into town for a performance, I thought, why not?

I expected to be one oddball amongst a couple of dozen gypsies, but was quite stunned that, arriving 20 minutes before the start, I could hardly find a seat. I had to sit almost as far from the performance as I could be. There was also quite a range of ages and characteristics represented. It was a congregation that most churches would be very envious of, and even if they had those numbers, they surely would not be getting $65 in the collection box as Kelvin Cruickshank did (plus book sales).

He spent quite a bit of time warming up (or calming down) his audience before deciding that he could see enough dead people to make a decent show and then over a couple of hours he spoke on behalf of a dozen or so dead people to the relevant people in the congregation. None of my late lot turned up to pass on a message to me, but then they wouldn’t, would they? Just not their thing. There were tears and laughter among the chosen few as he passed on messages. He certainly appeared to be picking up some specifics that you would not expect; like the ‘dead man’ reminding his wife about his dentures in the glass and asking why? It turned out they hadn’t put his dentures back in his mouth when they buried him.

The lady next to me, not being shy, stuck up her hand to catch his attention and insisted on being told about her family; a bit out-of-order but he quickly told her that her mother was not a nice lady and then asked who the alcoholic was. That settled her down as she later told me she had nursed an alcoholic brother who had since died, and her mother had been such an unpleasant person that she had not even gone to her funeral. The psychic also told her that her friend (beside her) had a spirit visitor called William (her father’s name was William).

So where am I at the end of that. Any the wiser? To be fair this psychic was the one leading the audience in the pursuit of contact and was taking no leads from anyone. Is there a chance that he spikes the audience with stooges? Anything is possible, but I would almost bet the house that the lady with the nasty mother and alcoholic brother beside me was no stooge. I don’t think a stooge-based show could be toured around NZ, to so many small, intimate towns, and sustained for too long before the secret was blown. And he has been going around the country for a few years now. 

So if we rule out fraud in this psychic performance, while conceding there will be situations where scamming will not be ruled out, what are the possible explanations for the performance I observed? The conviction of the grief-stricken who he spoke to is that the message comes from the souls of the dearly departed. That this pinpoint of energy, the soul, manifests itself and other images in hologram form in the mind of the psychic and transfers written or verbal messages to be passed on. Who am I to say that is impossible? No one living through the last fifty years can rule anything out as impossible because the once inconceivable has become a reality in so many fields.

The great philosophical debate that emerges from all this is whether consciousness is created by the brain of the newly conceived child or whether, on formation, the new brain connects to a universal consciousness during gestation and begins to apply that consciousness to situations that the individual experiences throughout life. The medical pragmatists deal only with what is empirical evidence before them and so believe that the brain creates its own consciousness and on the death of the brain that consciousness ceases. Spiritual people believe that through meditation and prayer they can connect more closely with the supreme consciousness. Some spiritual people believe in reincarnation whereby those unique creations of consciousness have a rest period in the non-physical form and then continue to recycle through new physical forms in this physical world until the state of perfect consciousness is achieved. 

There is another possible explanation for the ‘psychic experience’ that also cannot be dismissed. The one thing I do not underestimate is the huge amount of capacity in the human brain as a result of different ‘wiring’. We refer to some people as ‘gifted’ or ‘genius’ because their brains seem capable of achievements that are well beyond the capabilities of 98% of humans. There are those who possess what is called a photographic memory, there are outstanding child prodigies in music and again others who can make the most complex mathematical calculations in their brain. The wiring differentiation may be left sphere dominant (language and logic) or right sphere dominant (creative, intuitive, holistic).

I do not think it unreasonable to think that among those people with brain-wiring that accentuates the right brain sphere at the highest end of the intuitive spectrum, one brain may be capable of receiving messages and images from the energy waves sent out from another brain. That it is possible for some brains to communicate their memories of a deceased person at a non-verbal level; an ultra-sensitive intuition. You may mock, but if you do not accept this possibility then you must conclude that the psychic I saw communicates with dead people.

So are psychics truly in contact with the dearly departed on another dimension or are they just in contact with the brains of the dearly grieving? At this time, it still all comes down to a matter of faith; not necessarily what you believe, but what you most want to be true. I doubt I could convince anyone to change their mind on the subject, but whether the travelling psychic was communicating with a spiritual consciousness or with the minds of the bereaved, he was receiving messages without use of his physical senses and that just keeps the fundamental question going.

While examining the whole process of the evolution of humans from our earliest stages, we need to recognise that when the first mother of our species was ‘created’, it was done so by the cooperation and precision organisation of about forty trillion living cells to form a mammal with all the operational functions that we think of as making us distinctively human. Those cells are combinations of molecules which then form the building blocks for every type of mass. To understand the creation of mass we can start with our own solar system. Stars that go supernova at the end of their multi-billion-year lifespan disperse stardust seeds into the garden of the cosmos. These stardust seeds are composed of the chemical elements such as hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen etc., that make up the periodic table from which everything in the universe is created. This is the cycle of life in the cosmos. Our solar system was created from a huge cloud of stardust swirling in the cosmos that eventually became so dense and hot that it collapsed into itself and caused hydrogen fusion, becoming the furnace of our solar system that we call our Sun. The left-over molecular dust and gas, after the sun was created, went into a frenzied, billion+ year primordial dance around the sun God until, after a lot of crashing, exploding and negotiating, they formed a cohesive circuit of gassy, ice and rocky planets and moons and a few rogue comets and space rubble.

Every lump of mass in the solar system, from grains to pebbles to planets has a molecular structure. When organic molecules (nucleic acids, proteins, carbohydrates and lipids) organise themselves into the mix, then cellular life is created. In the nucleus of each cell is the DNA molecule, packaged into the chromosomes’ threadlike structure.

But going deeper down this wormhole, what makes up molecules? A molecule is a structural unit combining two or more atoms, with atoms being a single unit of one of the chemical elements: hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen etc.. The ancient Greek philosopher Democritus first theorised that all matter would continually be divisible until it gets down to a point where it could no longer be divisible and that point he called an atom. ‘Atom’ literally means indivisible although physicists today might say indestructible is the correct description. The atom is the fundamental building block of the universe. As we know when one atom of hydrogen pairs up with another and the two of them hook up with an atom of oxygen then they have created a molecule of water. Just repeat this process 1.5 sextillion times and we have a droplet.

It was the invention of the cathode ray tube in the 1890’s that enabled physicist, J.J. Thomson, to ‘see’ the effect caused by an atom within the beam of light and in his experiments he identified the negatively charged cloud within the atom which was named the electron. New Zealand’s own Ernest Rutherford worked out that there was more to an atom than the electron. With experiments he identified a nucleus within the atom. It wasn’t easy to spot because atoms are not big things. I am reliably informed that about a million of them standing one behind the other would bridge the width of a needle. And if we then imagine the atom as the size of a basketball, the nucleus would be the size of a marble inside it (about 1:1000). Following on from that he eventually found the proton, the little positive charge housed within the nucleus. He named it ‘proton’ after the Greek word ‘protos’ meaning ‘first’.

Rutherford then discovered that he could disintegrate the nuclei of nitrogen atoms by firing particles from a radioactive source which, in turn, resulted in the release of fast protons. This was the first ever artificially induced nuclear reaction, a breakthrough that would lead ultimately to nuclear power and the atomic bombs that devastated Hiroshima and Nagasaki in World War II. In effect it was an offence by Rutherford against the natural order of the atom that unleashed unimaginable and catastrophic results. But while smashing atoms into each other may change the structure of the atom, he did not end up with two half-atoms split down the middle as the common language would imply. An atom does not die, it always was and always will be. Life was destroyed by the atomic bombs, but the atoms survived. Cells have a timespan, some very short as it turns out. Our skin cells last only a few days before dying and being replaced. The molecular structure of inorganic rocks however can survive millions of years. But the atom lives on eternally, it existed at the beginning of the universe and will be here at the end, it is the alpha and the omega.

In 1932 an English physicist, James Chadwick, identified the neutron, the neutral particle within the nucleus and finally we had the trinity of energy that makes up the one atom; the positive, the neutral and the negative, like the red, green and black wires in the cord that turns on our electric light.

Moving onwards to us humans and we discover that, in the beginning, our atoms sort themselves out into the appropriate molecular and cellular structures (I read that seven billion, billion, billion molecules make up the forty trillion cells that make a 70kg human and I am not going to try to challenge those maths). So how do all these atoms, molecules and cells actually cohabit within a body in a way that does not create chaotic collisions everywhere? The answer must be some form of communication. It is what makes the world go round. Just as the 3.5 million humans walking through Tokyo’s Shinjuku Railway Station each day, by intuitive cooperation and unspoken signals of communication, do not continuously bump into each other, so too zillions of atoms organising the daily operation of a human body must have a communication system that allows them to co-operate harmoniously and creatively to avoid collision. Which then leads us onto the really big question of consciousness. If these units of creation are communicating, then does consciousness exist within the atomic structure?

Common scientific presumption is that consciousness is the creation of the brain. As our brain starts to record what our senses observe, then we become aware of our environment; we now have consciousness. But when the brain ceases to function, consciousness is lost, forever. Religions challenge that scientific presumption with a separation of temporary body and an eternal soul. Religions believe not only in the afterlife of humans but also that humans in their physical realm can communicate with their creator, their God.

When you ask a physicist to describe the properties of an atom they will tell you:

  • It is invisible to the eye. We can only perceive its existence by its effect on things we can see.
  • It contains a trinity of three sub-particles .
  • It is eternal. It had no beginning and has no end. It is indestructible.
  • It is the building block that creates the universe and everything in it.
  • It exists everywhere. There is nowhere that the atom is not present.

I was raised in Christian schools. I know by heart the Christian theologian’s description of God. It is exactly as the scientists describe the atom. If you dispense with the obvious, that God is not a patriarchal, omnipresent human form, then science and religion seem to be merging to a consensus. God did not create the universe, God is the universe.

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The chosen people, the promised land

When Abraham arrived in Israel, God made him a promise. “ I will give you this land for your descendants. I will make you a great nation, and I will bless you. I will make your descendants as numerous as the stars in the sky.”

According to the Bible’s book of Genesis, following the great flood the descendants of Noah and his family settled on the eastern banks of the Mediterranean and over time their descendants grew and prospered throughout the region. Noah’s son Shem was given the land Eastwards from modern day Lebanon, Syria and the Euphrates waterway all the way to Mesopotamia (modern day Iraq) and the city of Sumer which was established 6,000 years ago. The descendants of Noah’s son Japheth travelled north and settled in areas around the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, as far as the Greek Islands. The descendants of Noah’s son Ham were the Hamites who occupied the southern Canaan coastal lands from whom the Philistines, now known as the Palestinians, descended; the Hamites extended their settlements down through North Africa from Egypt to Ethiopia. The centuries or millennia over which this migration occurred are not recorded. The history contained in the Hebrew bible contains clues as to the origins of the three original civilisations in Egypt, Greece and Sumer.

Abraham, founder of the Jewish tribe, was born in Mesopotamia around 2000 bce, or a bit earlier. This region was one of the early civilisations of Sumer. The Sumerians are known for their skilled metalwork, stonework and statues. But more importantly they developed, or learned, the mathematics system based on the number 60, a twelve-month calendar based on moon cycles and a cuneiform alphabet which they used to keep records on clay tablets using a stylus. We also know that the oldest records of the science of astronomy are from Sumerian tablets dated back to the 3rd millennium bc and that they demonstrate that the Sumerians had a sophisticated knowledge of the solar system. Clearly an imaginative race. The Bible records in Genesis 10:10, that a man named Nimrod was the first ‘king’ of this region and built his city called Nippur. We know from unearthed and translated Sumerian tablets that a six or seven story Ziggurat had been built in the city of Nippur where this priest-king lived. The 10th-century Muslim historian Masudi recounts a legend identifying Nimrod to be the son of Mash, the son of Aram, son of Shem. 

The Bible also records that humans had been so successful in the development of a common language that God and his angels became alarmed by the construction of the Tower of Babel, which was a sign that humans were challenging God himself. To summarise the Biblical story according to Genesis 11: ‘throughout the land mankind spoke one language and they moved eastwards to the land of Shimar (Sumer). And they said: “Come let us build a town and tower with its top reaching to heaven”.’ The Tower of Babel, said to be a baked brick structure intended to reach the heavens, was halted by God and his angels, because (Gen. 11: 6-9) “the Lord said, ‘If as one people speaking the same language, they have begun to do this, then nothing they plan to do will be impossible for them. Come, let us go down and confuse their language so they will not understand each other. ‘ So the Lord scattered them from there over all the earth, and they stopped building the city. That is why it was called Babel—because there the Lord confused the language of the whole world.” But what was it about this Babel tower that so concerned the God of the Bible, Yahweh? The Tower in question was built in Shimar (Sumer) which was Mesopotamia. Archaeology dates the arrival of humans into Mesopotamia between 3500 and 4500 BC. as they moved eastwards from the Mediterranean. This is from carbon dating the virgin soil beneath the earliest records of human occupation. Babylon itself is first referenced in tablets as being a small city in Akkad around 2300 BC. Its status grew and in the 20th century BC, the first Babylonian dynasty was established.

The literal words of Genesis 11 are that the whole earth spoke one language. But 2000BC was the bronze age. there were well-established civilisations in Egypt, Ethiopia, Greece, Sparta, Troy, China, Europe, North and South America and archaeology demonstrates that there were already many languages around the world. Being so concerned about this one baked-brick tower trying to ‘reach the heavens’ also seems a bit pointless when  just along the road the Egyptians were building their pyramids, the great one being almost 150 metres high. In Britain they built Stonehenge to study the heavens, in South America pyramids were being built and throughout Mesopotamia the remains of many ziggurats, all built between 3000 BC and 600 BC, used as observatories to study the heavens, have been uncovered .

The Babylonians studied the Sumerians cuneiform alphabet and then adapted it to their own Akkadian language. Perhaps the story of the destruction of Babel and the one language was a recounting of the Babylonians conquering Sumer around 2000 bc. Perhaps the Sumerian priest/astronomers’ knowledge of the heavens was developing far more rapidly than God and his angels deemed safe for humans to possess. Was their imagination starting to get out of control? So perhaps this Babel story no more than an historical account of the Babylonians plundering the library of knowledge, cosmology and science stored in the Priest-King’s Ziggurat in Nippur and then replacing the Sumerian cuneiform language with the Akkadian cuneiform language so that, within one generation, no one would be able to understand the Sumerian language and so the knowledge contained in the old Sumerian tablets would become confused and lost.

Abraham lived in the ancient Sumerian city of Ur, the centre of learning of the region where a huge Ziggurat had been built to study the heavens. Abraham was therefore raised in a highly civilised environment, most likely with sophisticated knowledge of ancient history, astronomy and the beliefs in the three gods of that region An, Enlil and Enki. His decision to take his family west to the land of the Palestinians was at a time when his homeland was under military threat and indeed the 3rd Dynasty of Ur fell to the Elamites in 1950 bc, the time when Abraham is believed to have arrived in Canaan. He would have taken the knowledge and beliefs of his homeland with him which then formed the basis of the foundation of Judea and the Jewish tribe. Abraham a descendant of Shem arrived with his family in the land that Noah had allocated to his son Ham and his descendants where the Philistines lived and where they followed several local Gods, Dagon, Baal Zebub, Chemosh and Ashtoreth.

Abraham had a son Isaac with his wife Sarah (plus many more illegitimates by concubines), Isaac married Rebekah and had two sons Esau and Jacob. Esau moved away to Seir (Gen. 36:6) as the land could not support both his and Jacob’s families. Jacob had twelve sons including Joseph by his second wife Rachel. Through jealousy of Joseph’s favoured status with Jacob, his brothers sold him into slavery, and he eventually arrived in Egypt. Some years after the selling of Joseph as a slave, Jacob took his family to Egypt due to famine in Canaan. Genesis 46:27 and Exodus 1:1 named those who went with Jacob and states their total number. With his eleven sons and their families they totaled 70 people. This would be dated as approximately 1800-1900 bce. Egypt was emerging as a strong civilisation as so many farmers from other parts of Africa had progressively migrated to the very fertile land in the Nile valley working as slaves for the Pharaoh. There Jacob and his family met Joseph again. Joseph had prospered in Egypt and was now very influential with the Pharaoh himself as a dream interpreter.

430 years later, around 1400BC, Moses, under the instruction of, and with the assistance of, the God who came to be known to the Israelites as Yahweh, persuaded the Pharaoh to let him lead the Hebrews out of slavery in Egypt (Exodus 12:41) and back to the Promised Land. The book of Numbers (26:51) tells us that 601,750 fighting-aged men (plus families) arrived in Canaan, a similar number to that which departed Egypt 40 years earlier and it would appear a reasonable assumption that Yahweh intended that the generation arriving in Canaan would have been raised from a very young age under the laws, guidance and military training of Yahweh.

It was a very impressive logistical feat to move over a million ex-slaves on a forty year journey through the desert to prepare for an invasion. In the wilderness food was clearly a major concern for such a large population. Yahweh was also responsible for an aerial drop of a bread substance, six days a week for forty years to feed the travelling Israelites in the desert. The bread or dough appears to have arrived frozen: “in the morning there was a coating of dew all-round the camp. When the coating of dew lifted there was a thing delicate, powdery…that, said Moses is the bread Yahweh gives you to eat.” (Exodus 16: 13-15). “And when the sun grew hot, it dissolved” (Exodus 16:21).

Yahweh guided them through the wilderness by way of a “cloud” hovering over them during the day and that cloud becoming a pillar of light for night travel. (Exodus 13:21). Periodically the “cloud” would land beside the tent of meeting and God would meet with the leaders of the Hebrews. (Exodus 33: 7-11). After 40 years in the desert, the twelve tribes finally arrived back in Canaan, although Moses had not lived to reach his destination. It is never satisfactorily explained why Yahweh led them on a 40-year wander around the wilderness when it was only an 11-day journey from Egypt to Canaan by the most direct route. The reason for detouring across the Sea of Reeds and travelling south into the wilderness was given as avoiding confrontation with the Philistines, (Exodus 13: 17) which, Yahweh was concerned, would encourage the Israelites to return to Egypt. This longer route explains why it would take more than 11 days for the journey; however, 40 years is an extraordinarily long detour. The explanation in Deuteronomy 8:2-3 “Yahweh, your God, led you for forty years in the wilderness, to humble you, to test you and know your innermost heart.” But in Joshua 5:6 it says, “The Israelites had moved about in the wilderness forty years until all the men who were of military age when they left Egypt had died.” Despite Yahweh’s original desire to avoid confrontation with the Philistines, the descendants of Noah’s son Ham, there was a great deal of military action, bloodshed, looting and slavery of young women undertaken under Yahweh’s instruction before the Israelites eventually re-established themselves in the land of Canaan forty years after the escape from Egypt. Clearly the new generation of Hebrews had been trained for war during their decades in the wilderness. Perhaps Yahweh had felt the original enslaved Israelites did not have the necessary military skill and strength of character to conquer Canaan, which is why He avoided initial military conflict with the Philistines when they first escaped Egypt.

When the Israelites went into battle to conquer the lands of Canaan (Deuteronomy 1:29-30). Yahweh demanded singularity of recognition as the God of the Israelites. His first commandment of all the rules for conduct he gave to Moses was: “I am Yahweh, your God, you shall worship no other Gods but me. For I, Yahweh am a jealous God. “ (Exodus 20). However, Yahweh never in the Bible said he was the only Deity, his words in the first commandment indicate there are other Gods although Israelites believed these Gods of Canaan were false Gods. And so, with an army of 600,000 men, the Hebrews began attacking the inhabitants of Canaan beginning with the Midian people. The people of Midian had been obstructing the Israelites on their journey in the desert and so (Numbers 31: 1) “Yahweh spoke to Moses and said, ‘exact full vengeance for the sons of Israel on the Midianites. The Israelites captured the Midianite women and children and took all the Midianite herds, flocks and goods as plunder. 10 They burned all the towns where the Midianites had settled, as well as all their camps. 11 They took all the plunder and spoils, including the people and animals, 12 and brought the captives, spoils and plunder to Moses and Eleazar the priest and the Israelite assembly at their camp on the plains of Moab, by the Jordan across from Jericho.’ The Book of numbers details the spoils of war from that battle as: ‘The plunder remaining from the spoils that the soldiers took was 675,000 sheep, 33 72,000 cattle, 34 61,000 donkeys 35 and 32,000 women who had never slept with a man‘ as well as apportioning the share of the spoils that were given to the high priest of the Levites, servants of Yahweh’s tabernacle, as a tribute to Yahweh.

As to the legitimacy of their claim to the Promised land as descendants of Abraham, Jacob and his families would have occupied no more than a large farm or a small village in Canaan as the land they left behind when they migrated to Egypt. But twelve or more generations later, Abraham’s great, great, great, great, great, great, great, great, great, great, great, great, great grandchildren, hundreds of thousands of Egyptian-born slaves who could lay claim to a common ancestor in their family tree, set out to reclaim the the whole of Canaan surrounding that original farmland village which Jacob and his family originally abandoned over 400 years earlier. Exodus 12:41 said the Israelites were in Egypt 430 years so they would have left Egypt with Moses around 1400BC and, according to Exodus 12:37 there were 600,000 Hebrew men plus their families. 600,000 men would have had a similar number of women in the same age, totaling 1.2 million adults plus children. This would be the equivalent, if we fast forward to 2200AD, of a million-plus Australians identifying somewhere in their extended family tree a particular Yorkshireman who came to Sydney as an early migrant to escape the 19th century conditions of Britain. Then this family gathering of 1+ million setting off for England and claiming the whole of Yorkshire as their own land.

The God Yahweh was certainly a God of war, not peace. He brought the Hebrews out of slavery in Egypt to the Promised Land, but it was a most violent intrusion into a land that had been legitimately populated by the descendants of Ham, son of Noah, and the Hebrews have not known peace since they arrived there. The Israelites continued their battles against the residents throughout Canaan until they had established themselves in this Promised Land. The tribes of Israel were allocated their areas of land according to Yahweh’s instruction and continued to live tribal life over the next 3-400 years with neither central government nor central place of worship to Yahweh. The governance was by the tribal Judges (Holy Men) and the military leaders. But it was a life both of integration into Canaanite cities and intermarriage with Canaanites and also constant tribal wars. Many who integrated with the Canaanites abandoned Yahweh and gave their loyalty to the God of the Canaanites, Baal, son of the god Dagon.

In one battle with the Philistines the Israelites lost the Ark of the Covenant that had been given to them by Yahweh. The Philistines slaughtered 30,000 Israelites and claimed the Ark, which they brought back to the temple of Dagon, in Ashdod, which was on the coast of the West Bank. However, the Philistines returned the Ark to the Israelites seven months later when their people had become afflicted with boils and ulcers and other calamities that they attributed to possessing the Ark. The return of the Ark sparked a renewed interest among the Jews in the heritage of Yahweh and the journey from Egypt.

Yahweh communicated through the prophets. Samuel, who had ‘heard the voice of God’ since a young person was the acknowledged senior Prophet and Judge of Israel. Samuel preached the return to the laws of the Bible, and, under the instruction of Yahweh, anointed a man named Saul as the first King of Israel under whose rule the twelve tribes could be united. This was 1046 BCE, just over 3,000 years ago. It was the same time that Rome was established as a settlement of farmers and shepherds. There was a level of dissatisfaction with Saul during his reign and conversely much support for David, a military hero and leader following his slaying of Goliath. There was much conflict between Saul and David, although David did marry Saul’s daughter. Saul died in the battle of Gilboa against the Philistines when he fell on his sword rather than be captured. David at the time had led a successful battle against the Amalekites.

At this time Saul’s military commander appointed Saul’s son, Ishbaal as king of Israel. The nation became divided between the House of Saul, which was based in northern Israel, and the House of David, which was based in Judea. They met in battle at Gibeon and David was victorious. As the House of Saul became weaker, Ishbaal’s own men eventually murdered him and delivered his head to David. They were put to death for their treachery.

Under King David, Israel was united, and the Israelites conquered their old enemy, the Philistines and established Jerusalem as David’s city. David was succeeded by his son, Solomon. After Solomon’s death in 925 BC Israel again became divided between Israel and Judea. The Kings of Israel ruled until 721 BC when the Assyrians conquered Northern Israel; the Kingdom of Judea lasted until 605 BC when the Babylonians conquered them, and the temple was destroyed and over subsequent periods to 582 BC the Jews were deported into captivity in Babylon.

In 538 BC the Persians conquered the Babylonians and ruled Judea; then in 332 BC Alexander the Great conquered the Persians and brought Judea under the Greek Empire. Judea was temporarily independent again when the Jewish tribe of the Maccabees staged a successful revolt in 164 BC but then in 63 BC the Romans acquired the state when they conquered the Greek empire. It was during this Roman occupation that the most significant event occurred which completely divided the Jewish religious faith. A local Jewish preacher, regarded by the Jewish high priests as a rebel and insurrectionist, was witnessed as having risen from death and taken physically up into the heavens after having been crucified at the request of the high priests of the temple of Jerusalem.

Credit OCLC Research oclc.org

Acts 1:9-11 “he was taken up into a cloud while they were watching, and they could no longer see him.  As they strained to see him rising into heaven, two white-robed men suddenly stood among them.  “Men of Galilee,” they said, “why are you standing here staring into heaven? Jesus has been taken from you into heaven, but someday he will return from heaven in the same way you saw him go!

The Christian religion is based on the New Testament of the Bible which was endorsed around 400AD when the Christian Church was under the control of the Roman emperor and his Bishop of Rome. But Christianity was alive and flourishing for hundreds of years before the Christian Bishops of the Catholic Church of Rome finally wrote the narrative upon which the modern Christians rely for their beliefs. Starting with the official birthday of Jesus, the 25th of December. Christmas day is, of course, mid-winter in the Northern hemisphere, so no summer holidays to follow as we have in the southern hemisphere. But nonetheless Christmas Day continues to be a huge celebration all around the globe. It is the big one. Billions of people stop work to celebrate Christmas Day. So how did it come to this?

The history of the celebration of Christmas Day traces back to when a Jewish preacher and miracle worker was anointed by his followers as the Messiah, meaning ‘the anointed one’ or ‘liberator’. The preacher was actually named Yahshua but this was adapted to Iesous when, after his ascension into the heavens, disciples took the religion to Greece; and they added the Greek title of Christos, also meaning the anointed one. The preacher’s name has subsequently been Romanised and/or anglicised to Jesus Christ. Christ’s Mass is the Christian Churches’ celebration of his birth. But there is no actual record by day, month or even year that Yahshua was born. So how did the day of 25 December come to be established?

As a proclaimed messiah/ liberator, he was recognised by the Romans and their Jewish High Priest puppets as being intent on liberating the Jews from the rule of Rome. This was a crime of sedition for which punishment was death by crucifixion. After his crucifixion, miraculous recovery and ascension into the heavens, his reputation lived on through his apostles and disciples and in fact Christianity grew beyond Galilee and Judea throughout the Roman Empire and was causing the state of Rome some irritation. Rome destroyed Jerusalem in 70CE scattering the surviving Jews and forbidding their Judaic religion. But this Christian sect of Judaism just kept growing, no small feat given the persistent efforts of the Roman Empire to crush it. At around 313AD the Roman Emperor Constantine decided that he would make peace with the Christians. The official Roman Catholic version is that in 312 CE Constantine saw a cross in the sky the night before the battle of the Milvian Bridge against rival Emperor Maxentius over supremacy in the Roman Empire. Constantine decided that the vision of the cross in the sky was a signal that Jesus had enabled him to win the battle and so he agreed to stop persecuting Christians as his part of the deal. No one knows if Maxentius had seen the same cross, but in the end, he finished up drowned in the Tiber.

In effect, Constantine made the Christian bishops an offer they could not refuse. His patronage. That meant legitimacy, an end to persecution, an authority over the peasants in their parish that was backed up by the soldiers of Rome and an income from those peasants that could only increase as the emperor’s endorsement expanded their customer base. The bishops would become franchise holders of this religious organisation. The global head office would be established in Rome and the Bishop of Rome would be the capo di tutti. And so, it was agreed. The Christian church expanded with the support of Rome and the bishops made sure all those under their pastoral care were loyal to Rome.

The common people obviously bought into this concept, literally bought in, believing that it was a choice of paying a tithe to the parish priest or facing eternity in the fires of hell (and/or the swords of the soldiers of Rome). These were a simple people facing simple choices and so the Church flourished. Then in 325AD Constantine convened the first formal convention of all the bishops of this Christian Church of Rome at a place called Nicaea, which was in modern Turkey. Everyone loves a convention, especially in Turkey. Nicaea was no humble collection of cave dwellings in the wilderness like Bethlehem, it was an historical and prosperous city right on beautiful Lake Ascania. This grand convention was called to establish the doctrine of Christianity to which all Christians would be bound under the threat of consignment to hellfire for all eternity. One of the items on the agenda was to give Jesus the Nazarene a birthday to celebrate. His followers over the past three centuries clearly had not settled on a birthday celebration, so Constantine thought that needed sorting out. If Jesus was to be proclaimed a God then he had to have a birthday celebration.

But whether by coincidence or by edict the day chosen for Jesus’ birthday was an existing Roman festival of Natalis Solis Invicti, celebrating the birth of the sun god Mithra. The dates of 21st/22nd December are the winter solstice, the longest night of the winter. On this winter solstice the sun drops to its lowest point in the sky, descending onto the Crux constellation (Cross) where it appeared to remain for three days before starting to rise again. The 25th of December therefore was the existing Roman festival of the rebirth of the sun.

Mithraism was the dominant pagan religious cult in the Roman military at that time. According to the Roman historian Plutarch, Mithraism became part of Roman religious belief during the military campaign of Pompey around 70BC. Worship of the deity Mithra goes back 3500 years in the Indian Verdic religion and spread up through Persia following the conquests of Alexander the Great, with Mithra eventually becoming the primary god in Asia Minor. Mithra was referred to as the Sun-God. His legend also reportedly includes having been born in a cave to a virgin goddess named Anahita. As the Sun-God, Mithra was said to have had twelve satellites (read apostles) and was believed by the Indians to be the mediator between God and Man. From this some scholars conclude that Constantine simply overlaid his Mithraic beliefs onto the Christian religion that he had usurped.

So, Jesus’ birthday was then agreed at the Council of Nicaea to be December 25th even though it would seem unlikely that shepherds would be tending their flock in the hills at night during the snowy depths of mid-winter. It was a political decision of the ruling military power of most of the known world at the time and the effective ruler of Christianity, but it has been retained by Christianity long after the fall of the Roman Empire.

In summary, a relatively small, impoverished, and persecuted cult of thousands was taken over by Rome Inc. and today has a global client base of around two billion people paying off an advance mortgage on an after-life plot in heaven. It is now a modern, complex corporation worth untold billions of tax-exempt dollars. Was this the greatest corporate takeover and franchise operation of all time? It is not as if the people can make a claim under the Consumer Protection Act after they are dead.

But at its essence, the celebration of Christmas is the official Roman Church recognition of the legend that just over 2,000 years ago, three magi (star watchers) travelled from somewhere in Persia to Galilee because they had noticed a very bright body in the night sky and, from their ancient knowledge, they concluded that this ‘star’ meant the coming of the anointed one, the Messiah. They followed this star until it shone a beam down to a stable in Bethlehem where they witnessed the birth of Yahshua.

Now if anyone today told of a mysterious bright light in the sky leading three astronomers to a remote village in the desert to witness the birth of the child of a woman who had been approached by unearthly beings and artificially impregnated, they would be looked at with serious scepticism, at the very kindest. And when witnesses described that same baby’s final day on earth 33 years later as one where he was magically raised up from the Mount of Olives and was last seen entering a ‘cloud’ hovering above them, they would be ridiculed as alien conspiracy loonies. But, thanks to the endorsement of the Roman Emperor Constantine, this story has been given the credibility to be accepted by the most conservative people as the basis of the religion of Christianity. The basis for the declaration that Yahshua was indeed a son of God.

Today the bright light over Bethlehem, the angels serving an all-powerful God and the hovering cloud from the religious narrative have all been translated in the commercial myth of a Santa Claus, who knows if you have been good or bad, who has elves helping him prepare gifts for the good and who flies around the world on a warp-speed sky-craft to either reward or to deny reward.

For the first 1700 years, Christmas was solely a religious event, a Mass involving devout worship, wholesome family gathering and alms to the poor. Any money to be made was in tithes to the local parish priest which passed up the line until the capo in Rome eventually wet his beak. The priest would expect a bonus from his clients for a special Christmas performance, but the despised merchant class was largely left out of the action.

Then, thanks to Coca Cola and the D’Arcy advertising agency, Saint Nicholas, a revered Christian patron saint of children and one of the bishops at Nicaea, was rebranded as fat, jolly Santa Claus and the commercial Christmas era arrived in full force.  Charles Dickens had tried to start instilling a bit of guilt and goodwill in the hearts of the rich at Christmas time. But it was Coke that gave really gave Christmas the nostalgic magic of fantasy that overtook the religious festival and saw the true commercial potential of using Santa to endorse their products; and the rest of the commercial world climbed aboard the sleigh. Selling the idealism of a benevolent father figure living in the North Pole with his angelic elves, bringing gifts to all the good little children, runs parallel to the celebration of the birth of Jesus. Just as Constantine had blended an established pagan celebration with the birth of Jesus, so too Coca Cola blended the Christian Saint Nicholas celebration with a commercial Santa Claus celebration. It did not take long before the target market was extended to all people that we ‘love and care for’. Even extended families, which are progressively becoming more complex, are socially coerced into getting together for this day.

That of course just exponentially increases the number of gifts and food that must be purchased. It became a gift-giving and feasting event that threatened social shame upon those miserly scrooges who did not support it. Brilliant! Was this one of the most effective advertising campaigns of all time? How many businesses today owe their existence and profits to that morphing of Santa Nicholas into Santa Claus? Including family lawyers with post-Christmas now becoming one of their busiest times of the year as the victims of this season of peace and goodwill turn up at their offices in January as predictably as whitebait in October.

If the birth of Jesus was an important anniversary for his followers, his death, recovery and subsequent ascension into a cloud in the sky from the Mount of Olives is actually the true basis of the religion. For it was based on witnessing this event that his followers had the conviction and courage to face persecution, torture and cruel death to deify him. It was also the basis for the collection of Christian Bishops, gathered together by Roman Emperor Constantine in Nicea in 325 A.D., to vote that Jesus was actually a God equal to God the Father as well as a human. With this declaration 1645 years ago, the Christian religion was established as a bona fide stand-alone religion of the Roman empire rather than just a cult sect of Judaism. In the Roman world there was no limit on the numbers of Gods and any ‘faith’ had to be headed up by a specific God. And so, Christianity was established to become one of the three great religions of the modern era. It also slightly adjusted the original Christian Church’s Judaic base belief system from being monotheistic to now being a trinity of three Gods in one: a human form, a spirit form, and a paternal form. In considering the Easter narrative that Jesus died on the cross and on the 3rd day was resurrected as God, pause to recall the choice of Jesus’ birth day celebration as the third day after the winter solstice when the sun was reborn after having descended onto the Crux (cross) constellation.

For a Church which believed that Jesus’ resurrection and physical ascension into the heavens demonstrated the triumph of a human-form of God over the pagan forces of nature, it is peculiar then that the date of Easter changes annually, based on the timing of the first weekend after the full moon following the Spring Equinox. This uses an undeniably pagan calendar and coincides with a long-established Spring Equinox pagan festival. This came about because in 595 AD, Pope Gregory sent a mission of 40 monks led by a Benedictine called Augustine, who became the first Archbishop of Canterbury, with instructions to convert Pagans to Christianity by superimposing Christian events over established Pagan festivals. 

The Spring equinox celebration in paganism (witchcraft) today is called the feast of the Germanic goddess of fertility and new birth “Ostara” or “Oeste”, which is clearly the root name for our Easter. This is one of the eight neopagan holidays that make up the pagan wheel of the year. And if we dig a little deeper in history to paganism in Rome at the time of Emperor Constantine, we also find the older Spring Equinox festival where they believed in a goddess Cybele, the great mother of Gods, who had a consort named Attis. Attis had been a shepherd who was believed born of a virgin birth from his mother, Nana. Attis died from self mutilation beneath a pine tree having broken a promise to Cybelle but by the power of Zeus his body did not decompose and he was resuscitated.

This Roman Pagan Spring festival, called Hilaria, was celebrated over a three day period 10-7 days before the April new moon. The 3rd day of the festival, Hilaria, was a day of rejoicing at Attis’ resurrection. It is recorded that during this festival a pine tree was cut in the woods and brought to the sanctuary of Cybele. The duty of carrying the tree was entrusted to a guild of Tree bearers. The trunk was swathed like a corpse with woolen bands and decked with wreaths of violets (violets were reputed to have sprung from the blood of Attis). The parallel to our Christian mourning of Jesus bearing the cross through the streets of Jerusalem to Golgotha is uncanny. On the third day of the festival the high priest (Archigallus) drew blood from his arm and offered it as a sacrifice. The inferior clergy also danced their way into a frenzy of self-mutilation to splatter their blood on the tree. The splattering of blood was supposed to be an aid to resurrection. Again, the sacrament of the blood of Christ offered up at the last supper is an uncanny parallel. The subsequent rebirth of nature as spring progressed is then seen as proof of the restoration of life. The worship of Cybele and Attis was brought to Rome from Phygria (Asia Minor) in 204 bc. Attis was made a solar deity in the 2nd century ad so was an established Roman god at the time of Nicaea. The black stone (meteorite) in which the spirit of the goddess was embodied was entrusted to the Romans who installed it in the temple of Victory on the Palatine Hill. The subsequent harvest was exceptionally good and her position in their belief system was established.

And so it came about that the crucifixion, resurrection and ascension into a cloud in the heavens of Jesus the Nazarene co-existed with, or overwrote, the existing Pagan narratives as the official Roman Cybele-Attis cult celebration of the rebirth of Spring. All the way through my Roman Catholic upbringing, the core of our faith was based on the dogma ‘that Jesus, son of God, died on the cross for man’s sins; so that man could now become righteous in God’s eyes’ 1 Peter 2:24: “He himself bore our sins in his body on the cross, so that we might die to sins and live for righteousness.” This dogma referenced back to the last supper when Jesus metaphorically said that the wine represented his blood and the bread represented his body, and that he would sacrifice his body and his blood as the new covenant between God and man. This then came to pass the next day with his crucifixion. The similarity of the account of the sacrifice of the body and blood of Jesus to the Babylonian texts already discussed regarding the sacrificing of the God Aw-ilu to create man, is quite astounding. 

If I had to think about this, I would have to puzzle over why an all-loving God would require his Son to suffer torture and die a cruel death as a means of atoning for the evils of man. There seems no co-relation. How would having his Son rejected, tortured, and killed by humans actually thereby make humans more acceptable to God as a righteous species? But this was the narrative that was required in order to make Christianity palatable to the Romans. The integration of Christianity with existing pagan rituals was the only way Constantine and his advisers could make it work. It was just politics. But was there any other history upon which the pagan rituals were based?

If any of Jesus’ followers believed that God was promising to finally deliver them from the yoke of Rome and give them peaceful sovereignty over Judea, then they were disappointed. After two more failed Jewish rebellions in 70 AD and 135 AD, the Romans brutally crushed the Jewish state with hundreds of thousands of Jews killed, deported or sold into slavery. The Romans renamed Judea as Palaestina, derived from “Philistine”. But from the books of the New Testament, Jesus was most famous in his day as a healer and a miracle worker, a magi not a military leader. He restored the sight of the blind, restored the hearing of a deaf mute, cured lepers, he turned water to wine and fed thousands with a few loaves and fishes, he brought Lazarus back from death, as well as himself.

The development of Christianity in the first 300 years AD therefore evolved as one of saving the eternal souls of believers rather than saving the Jews from the military rule of Rome. Unlike other recorded messianic claimants at the same time, who generally met the same fate of Jesus of Nazareth, the Christian movement was not ended with the death of Jesus; indeed, it flourished after his death.  That the disciples of Jesus continued openly to preach the beliefs of Christianity, knowing this would lead to their own execution, is the strongest proof that they now believed in the afterlife based on the belief that Jesus, the man born as a result of a visit by angels to the virgin Mary, had risen from the dead and was witnessed being physically beamed up into the heavens. They believed in heaven because they had witnessed the raising of Jesus into a cloud and then disappearing into the heavens. A very powerful experience.

So the question that I raise is, did the Council of Nicaea actually achieve an official takeover of Paganism by Christianity, or was the establishment of the Roman Catholic Church in effect an integration of Christianity into the existing pagan rituals by the emperor Constantine as a political accommodation? After 300 years of Rome trying unsuccessfully to suppress this Judeo-Christian cult, did he in fact simply don a Christian façade and bring the dissident Christians under his control in this way? Was the new, improved Christianity post-Nicaea simply a hybrid Pagan/Christian religion designed to bring religious and social harmony into the Roman Empire? Did he bring the feasts of paganism and the dates of paganism, complete with funny hats and symbolic staves, meld them with carefully edited texts about the life of Jesus (many original texts were said to have been declared heretical by this new church, and burned) and say: “Behold the new Christianity!”  Certainly, once Rome became the holy seat of the Church, the blame for Jesus’ death was attributed to a divine decision to sacrifice his son for the forgiveness of the sins of all men rather than being a military execution by the Roman Governor. It was ‘agreed’ at the conference that Yahshua died, not for the crime of sedition against the Roman occupiers of Israel and their Rabbi puppets, but rather in atonement for the sins of all mankind. It became almost as if the Romans had been given no choice but to crucify Yahshua because this death was ordained by God, who had predetermined to sacrifice his son in atonement for the sins of all humans. It wouldn’t be the first time that history was rewritten. Conferences are all about compromise and consensus for a win/win.

How much do we really now know, then, about the early Christians? And what did they really believe? It was Peter, and later Paul, who first started preaching to non-Jews sometime after the crucifixion. But this caused divisiveness with the Christians who remained in Jerusalem and stayed faithful to the original mission as stated by Mathew’s (10:5) account of Jesus’ instruction. “Do not turn your steps into pagan territory and do not enter any Samaritans town; go rather to the lost sheep of Israel.” And later in Mathew 15:12 when a Canaanite woman asked for help, Jesus replied “I was sent only to the lost sheep of the House of Israel……it is not fair to take the children’s food and throw it to the house dogs.” And Jesus most certainly was not setting out to replace Judaism when he said in Mathew 5-17:“Don’t misunderstand why I have come. I did not come to abolish the law of Moses or the writings of the prophets. No, I came to accomplish their purpose.”

When apostles spoke to Jesus after his resurrection, Acts1:6-8, and asked him, “Lord, has the time come for you to free Israel and restore our kingdom?” He replied, “The Father alone has the authority to set those dates and times, and they are not for you to know.”

Very clear Judaic messages with a direct reference to the freeing of the kingdom of Israel from the Romans. But the moment the new Christian dogma was signed off in Nicaea, all links with Israel and Judaism were severed.  This was now the Church of Rome. “Bethlehem’s family bakery, serving bagels since 33AD” had sold out to “Romano’s Pizza Temple – global franchise enquiries welcome”. And when the Roman Empire collapsed in the fifth century, it was the Church of Rome that continued the Roman mission, both religiously and militarily, to control western Europe and then onwards to the new world.

Devout Christians today take comfort in the promise of the two men in white who spoke to the apostles of Jesus when he was taken up into a cloud and assured them that “he will return in the same way you saw him go.” Jesus was flesh and blood but if they had flying craft technology 2,000 years ago they also had an understanding of the technology of holography or even cryonics.

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